Parobrimus horridus "Rio Topo"
(by Bruno Kneubühler)

SuperfamilyPseudophasmatoidea Rehn, 1904
FamilyPseudophasmatidae Rehn, 1904
SubfamilyXerosomatinae Rehn, 1904
GenusParobriumsScudder, 1896
SpeciesParobriums horridus "Rio Topo"(Carl, 1913)


General infos

Carl (1913) described this species as Acanthodonia horridum.
Oskar Conle and Frank Hennemann (2011) put this species in the genus Parobriums

  • 2008 - first successful culture of this species by Bruno Kneubühler
  • 2009 - first distribution under the preliminary name
             Acanthoclonia sp. "Rio Topo, Ecuador"
  • 2009 - taxonomical reserach about this species is being carried
             out by Oscar Conle and Frank Hennemann
  • 2012 - Oskar Conle and Frank Hennemann have informed me that
             this species has already been described by Carl (1913)



  • in November 2007 Horst Kaech (Ecuador) collected my culture stock at Rio Topo (Tunguragua, Ecuador). The habitat was lowgrowing vegetation alongside the river Rio Topo - at an altitude of about 1600 m and close to the town Baños (Tungurahua)



  • small and rather stout - about 4,5 to 5 cm long
  • very spiny
  • wingless
  • mottled with shades of different brown, yellow-brown and green, and some dark, almost black markings
  • antennae as long as fore legs



  • small and more slim than the females - about 3,5 to 4 cm long
  • very spiny
  • wingless
  • colouration as in females
  • antennae might be a bit longer than the fore legs



  • very small - about 2 mm long, 1 mm wide
  • fragile
  • dark brown
  • lighly rough-textured


  • newly hatched nymphs have accepted only fern so far, different fern species from the forest were preferred. Fern can also be found during the winter, even under the snow, but of course not as abundantly as in summer
  • also home-grown or indoor fern is being accepted
  • older nymphs (about L4) will also accept Cotoneaster (the one which is being used as ground cover)
  • adults will also feed on ivy (Hedera helix), cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus), leatherleaf Viburnum (Viburnum rhytidophyllum) und bramble (Rubus sp.)


Breeding notes

  • overall an easy species - if fern for the nymphs and a place with moderate temperatures are available
  • incubation of the eggs on damp sand, with spring tails to reduce mould growth
  • incubate the eggs of this species at moderate temperatures, best if not above 20°C or below
  • incubation time is around 3,5 to 4 months
  • freshly hatched nymphs are very small, about 8 mm long. Thus they also consume also just small quantities, which is certainly an advantage when one has to collect fern from the forests in winter or from home-grown fern
  • as the nymphs are so small they are easily overlooked. Therefore one should be especially careful when changing the food plants
  • keep the nymphs in a cage with good ventilation and still high humidity
  • a constantly wet paper towel on the cage helps raising humidity
  • I have never sprayed nymphs or adults with water
  • they do better at moderate temperatures, best if kept around 20°C or below. The natural habitat was a river bank at higher altitude, which can explain for their need for moderate temperatures
  • males will be adult after about 5 months, females after about 6 months
  • it takes up to 4 weeks until females will start to lay eggs
  • eggs are just dropped to the ground, a female will lay about 20 to 25 eggs a week



  • Phasmida Species Files  (


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direct link to category: Acanthoclonia sp. (Rio Topo, Ecuador)