Caribbiopheromera trinitatis
(by Yannick Bellanger, ASPER)

 

OrderPhasmatodea
 
SuborderVerophasmatodea 
InfraorderAnareolatae 
FamilyDiapheromeridaeKirby, 1904
SubfamilyDiapheromerinaeKirby, 1904
TribeDiapheromerini Kirby, 1904
GenusCaribbiopheromeraZompro, 2001
SpeciesC. trinitatis(Werner, 1929)

 

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General Notes

  • 2008 - first description of the female of this species by Yannick
             Bellanger (France) and Frédéric Langlois (France) after an
             expedition in Tobago. Unsuccessful attempt of culture
  • 2010 - first successful culture by Yannick Bellanger
  • 2012 - first distribution of surplus by ASPER

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Origin

  • Yannick Bellanger, Toni Jourdan and Philippe Lelong (ASPER team, France) collected this species in October-November 2010 in many different places in Trinidad. The species is very common in Trinidad but quite rare in Tobago

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Females

  • fine and elongated species
  • between 6 and 9 cm
  • coloration very variable from a female to an other : green, brown, grey, with or without mottlings of white or brown
  • some female are smooth on the abdomen but most of them have some large tubercles, especially on tergum VI
  • antennae usualy longer than the extremity of fore legs

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Males

  • fine and elongated, smaller than females
  • between 5 and 6 cm
  • coloration not variable, brown
  • legs annulate
  • antennae a little bit shorter than the body
  • very characteristic and conical subgenital plate

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Nymphs

  • greyish body

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Eggs

  • globulous and smooth brown capsule
  • total length is about 2.8 mm
  • very lengthened micropylar plate
  • brown to dark brown oval operculum, with a yellowish lamellar excrescence

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Food Plants

  • honeysuckle (Lonicera sp.)
    common and winter green garden plant, is well accepted by nymphs and adults
  • bramble (Rubus sp.)
    very common and winter green plant, well accepted by nymphs and adults
  • privet (Ligustrum sp.)
    common winter green garden plant, quite well accepted by nymphs and adults
  • many other plants of the Rosaceae family
  • in the wild, this species eats Gonzalagunia hirsuta and Pachystachys coccinea

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Behaviour

  • typical nocturnal species, nymphs and adults spend the day time in the branchs and under leaves
  • matings can occur for a quite long time, even during the day, but males do not stay with the same female
  • if taken by a leg, nymphs and adults can easyly brake it (autotomy)

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Development

  • incubation (on wet peat at 18-20°C) is about 3 months, until 5 months
  • males are adults (at 18-22°C) in a little bit more than 4 months, females in 4,5 to 5 months
  • eggs are thrown at random
  • adults live for several months

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Breeding Notes

  • an easy to keep species, in a humid cage with a little bit of ventilation
  • nymphs can be kept with adults
  • I spray water to nymphs and adults about 2 times per week

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References

  • Langlois & Bellanger, « Inventaire des Phasmatodea de Tobago », Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, 117 (1), 2012 : 91-110
  • Phasmida Species Files  (www.phasmida.orthoptera.org)

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direct link to category: trinitatis