Dares sp. "Gading"
(by Bruno Kneubuehler)

 

General Informations

  • provenience: Gunung Gading NP (Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia)
  • collected by Hans Lamal and Kim D'Hulster in 2012 on the main trail to Gunung Gading Summit
  • currently there is some disagreement amongst (morpho) taxonomists, whether this is an already described or a new species. Further indepth studies (on morphology and phylogenetics) will certainly lead to more conclusive verdicts
  • the fact that a hybridization experiment (by Hans Lamal, Belgium) between Dares sp. "Gading" and a D. ulula population of another origin, did not yield fertile offspring, supports the presumption that these two populations are in fact different species, and that Dares sp. "Gading" is actually a new species
  • F1 CB culture by Hans Lamal
  • further taxonomical informations ➤ phasmida.speciesfile.org
  • unfortunately this cultures has been misidentifed (and distributed) as Dares ulula at first
  • this is a pure culture, and serious breeders are asked to avoid mixing this culture with similar populations from a different provenience

Females

  • small, stocky, barky species
  • body length 4.5 cm
  • different shades of brown

Males

  • small and spiny
  • body length 3.5 cm
  • dark brown with light brown markings
     

Nymphs

  • freshly hatched nymphs are dark brown (legs, head, pro- and mesothorax) and red (metathorax, abdomen)
  • coloration of these nymphs are distinctively different from nymphs of other Phyllium species
  • on how to distinguish between male and female nymphs

Eggs

  • 5 x 3 mm
  • brown
  • suface looks furry

Food Plants

  • bramble (Rubus spp.)
    well accepted by nymphs and adults
  • hazelnut (Corylus avellana)
    well accepted by nymphs and adults

Breeding, Behaviour

  • active mainly during the night
  • they feign death when touched
  • eggs lay on the ground
  • about 1 egg per female and week
  • incubation (Cup-Incubation-method with medium damp vermiculite) about 4 - 5 months at 20 - 23 °C
  • eggs of this species are not prone to get mouldy, as long as not kept too moist
  • nymphs and adults like a high humidity
  • very slowly growing species
  • males will be adult after 12+ months (at 20 - 24°C), females even take longer
  • one can spray them regularly with chlorine-free water, but allow the water to dry up before spraying again
  • easy to breed

Basics of phasmids breeding

  • keep only one species per cage, overpopulation is one of the main reasons for breeding failures
  • keep nymphs seperate from the adults, mainly to protect them during the crucial moulting phases
  • choose the cage big enough, when in doubt it is (usually) better to choose a cage too big than too small
  • a ventilator often supports good breeding results, as it seems to increase activity and feeding
  • provide enough light, but avoid direct sunlight (overheating)
  • try to keep day time temperatures below 25°C
  • a nocturnal fall of temperature is natural, and thus advantageous
  • do not spray too much, phasmids are no fish ! The water should dry up before you spray again
  • minimize disturbances (loud music, commotions, light at or during the night, opening up cages in the morning [often a moulting phase] ect.)

Useful informations

detailed infos on how to breed phasmids
www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/199

infos on newly cultured phasmid species
https://www.facebook.com/phasmatodea

Online Culture List
www.ulft-ict.nl/phasma/kweeklijst/

PSG list
www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/psg

how to recognize the difference between male / female nymphs
www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/tips-and-tricks

eggs for breeding
http://www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/222

 

direct link to this category

direct link to category: sp. (Gunung Gading)