Parasinophasma sp. "Tam Dao Temple"
(by Bruno Kneubuehler) 

 

OrderPhasmatodea
 
SuborderVerophasmatodea 
InfraorderAnareolatae 
FamilyDiapheromeridaeKirby, 1904
SubfamilyNecrosciinaeBrunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893
GenusParasinophasmaChen & He, 2006
Species (not yet identified)

 

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General Notes

  • 2012 – taxonomical aspects of this species are being examined by Joachim Bresseel (Belgium)
  • 2012 – first successful culture by Bruno Kneubuehler (Switzerland)
  • 2012 – has been distributed as Necrosciinae sp. „Tam Dao Temple“
  • 2013 - this species belongs to the genus Parasinophasma (Joachim Bresseel, pers. comm.)

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Origin

  • Joachim Bresseel (Belgium) and Jérôme Constant (RBINS) found this species in July 2011 in the temple are of the Tam Dao National Parc, Vietnam (No. 91, "Necrosciinae sp. Conical head", Vietnam 2011)

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Females

  • winged, medium sized phasmids
  • about 8.5 cm long
  • different brown shades
  • middle- and hindlegs green
  • fully winged
  • antennae longer than forelegs

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Males

  • pretty phasmids
  • about 6.5 cm long
  • contrasty brown-black-white coloration
  • red-brown legs
  • fully winged
  • antennae longer than forelegs

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Nymphs

  • about 11 mm (L1)
  • yellow-green (L1)
  • antennae already longer than forelegs (L1)
  • by L3 it is quite easy to draw a distinction between ♀♂ (by the naked eye)

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Eggs

  • small
  • about 3 x 1 mm
  • grey-brown
  • matt
  • very hairy
  • lengthwise fringe structures
  • capitulum small
  • micropylar plate small and drop shaped
  • elongate-oval

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Food Plants

  • bramble (Rubus sp.)
    is very well accepted by freshly hatched nymphs, older nymphs and adults

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Behaviour

  • adults are sometimes active during the day
  • both males and females fly very well
  • adult males can behave very frantically when being touched
  • matings are frequent at night, couples stay together for some hours at the most

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Developement

  • incubation time (HH-incubation on slightly damp sand at 20 - 23 °C) is about 5.5 months  (F1)
  • spread some dried  (!) moss over the eggs - this will make it much easier for the nymphs to hatch unscathed and it also reduces mould growth to some extend
  • hatching ratio in F1 was very high (> 50%)
  • males will be adult after about 2 months (at 20 – 23°C), females after about 3 months
  • females start laying eggs after about 2 – 3 weeks
  • eggs are flinged away with a swing of the abodmen
  • about 25eggs per female and week
  • adults can live for several months

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Breeding Notes

  • my general notes on how to breed phasmids are a integral part of this care sheet ...
  • it is very easy to breed this species
  • an easy to keep and interesting species
  • as the freshly hatched nymphs are already quite big, therefore the incubation container should be big enough
  • keep the nymphs in a cage with good ventilation, but take care that the humidity does not drop too low
  • a constantly wet paper towel on the floor of the cage helps raising humidity
  • a humidity level of about 60 – 65 % rH seems to be sufficient
  • nymphs can be kept in a Faunabox (or similar cages)
  • move nymphs to a bigger cage as they grow bigger
  • as the adults are rather big, a cage of at least 30 x 30 x 30 cm should be provided for some couples of this species (or considerably larger if the cage also contains other species !)
  • generally I advise to keep different phasmid species seperately (unfortunately, overcrowed cages are still very common ...)
  • I have never sprayed nymphs or adults (or their cage) with water
  • make shure that nymphs, which are about to undergo their adult moult, do not find places in the cage which would not offer them enough space beneath to moult successfully

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References

  • Phasmida Species Files  (www.phasmida.orthoptera.org)



 

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