Publications of Oskar Conle & Frank Hennemann


The following list mentions all scientific papers (articles, revisions and books) that were published by the authors (Oskar V. Conle & Frank H. Hennemann) since 1992. For all publications the original abstract is given.

At the end of the bibliography an alphabetical checklist is provided of all taxa newly described in these publications (tribes, genera, species and subspecies).

For pdf-files please contact the authors.

 


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CONLE, O. V.

 

 

CONLE, O.V. (2006): Hennobrimus hennemanni n. gen. n. sp., a remarkable new genus and species of the tribe Obrimini from the Philippine Islands (Phasmatodea: Heteropterygidae: Obriminae: Obrimini).
► Zootaxa, 1231: 43-51.

Abstract:
A new genus and species (Hennobrimus hennemanni n. gen. n. sp.) of the tribe Obrimini from the Philippine Islands of Mindanao and Leyte are described from both sexes. The holotype is preserved in the State Zoological Collections Munich, Germany (ZSMC). Paratypes are deposited in the private collections of the author (OC) and in the private collection of Frank H. Hennemann (Kaiserslautern, Germany; FH).

 

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CONLE, O. V.
HENNEMANN, F. H.

 

 


CONLE, O.V. & HENNEMANN, F.H. (1999): Bemerkungen zu Agathemera crassa (Blanchard, 1851) aus Chile nebst Beschreibung ihrer Eier.
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 109(2): 82-85.

Abstract:
In this paper some notes on the biology and on breeding experiences concerning Agathemera crassa (Blanchard, 1851) are made, including a list of alternative food plants used. Besides the description of the eggs some notes on the synonymy of this species are given.

 

 


CONLE, O.V. & HENNEMANN, F.H. (2002): Revision neotropischer Phasmatodea: Die Tribus Anisomorphini sensu Bradley & Galil, 1977 (Insecta, Phasmatodea; Pseudophasmatidae). 
Spixiana, Supplement 28. 141 pp.

Abstract:
The tribe Anisomorphini sensu Bradley & Galil, 1977 (family Pseudophasmatidae, subfamily Pseudophasmatinae) including the genera Paranisomorpha Redtenbacher, 1906, Autolyca Stål, 1875, Decidia Stål, 1875, Monticomorpha, gen. nov., Peruphasma, gen. nov., Atratomorpha, gen. nov., Columbiophasma, gen. nov., Pseudolcyphides Karny, 1923, Anisomorpha Gray, 1835, Malacomorpha Rehn, 1906, Alloeophasma Redtenbacher, 1906, and Neophasma Redtenbacher, 1906, is revised, based upon examination of the type material. Redescriptions of all known species belonging to this tribe are provided.
Four new genera and seven new species and subspecies are described and illustrated: Monticomorpha, gen. nov., Peruphasma, gen. nov , Atratomorpha, gen. nov., Columbiophasma, gen. nov., Autolyca herculeana, spec. nov., Autolyca punctata, spec. nov., Monticomorpha marshallae, spec. nov., Monticomorpha bispinosa, spec. nov., Peruphasma anakena, spec. nov., Peruphasma nigra, spec. nov., and Neophasma rugosa flavolineata, subspec. nov.. Still unknown sexes and eggs of several species are described and illustrated for the first time. Several names of species and genera are synonymised, many species are transferred on to other genera.
Lectotypes are designated for the following species: Paranisomorpha insignis Redtenbacher, 1906, Autolyca pallidicornis Stål, 1875, Bacteria bogotensis Goudot, 1843, Monticomorpha roulinii (Goudot, 1843), Peruphasma pentlandi (Redtenbacher, 1906), Peruphasma unicolor (Redtenbacher, 1906), Columbiophasma quindensis (Goudot, 1843), Anisomorpha paromalus Westwood, 1859, Malacomorpha jamaicana (Redtenbacher, 1906), Alloeophasma poeyi (Saussure, 1868), Neophasma scabriusculum Redtenbacher, 1906, N. granulosum Redtenbacher, 1906, N. peruanum Redtenbacher, 1906, N. subapterum Redtenbacher, 1906, N. dentata (Stål, 1875), N. boliviana (Redtenbacher, 1906), N. fasciata (Redtenbacher, 1906), N. rugosa (Redtenbacher, 1906), and Anisomorpha lurida Redtenbacher, 1906.
A type-species is designated for Alloeophasma Redtenbacher, 1906. A diagnosis of the tribe, keys to the genera of Anisomorphini as well as information on the basic systematic background, and a discussion of the taxa and their geographic distribution is provided at the end of the paper.

 

 

 
CONLE, O.V. & HENNEMANN, F.H. (2003): Notes on the PSG species belonging to the tribe Anisomorphini sensu Bradley& Galil, 1977, with a list and key to the genera (Phasmatodea: Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophadmatinae).
► Phasmid Studies, 11 (2): 31-34.

Abstract:
The neotropical tribe Anisomorphini sensu Bradley & Galil, 1977 have always been a taxonomically problematic group and most species were included in only two genera. Therefore the authors published (Conle & Hennemann, 2002) a revision of the tribe, which affects the systematic position or scientific name of some cultured species. The following paper provides a list of all genera belonging to Anisomorphini as well as determination keys to the males and females. Special reference is taken to the identity of species included on the PSG culture-list, with the valid names being listed, along with information on each cultures history and origin.

 

 


CONLE, O.V. & HENNEMANN, F.H. (2005): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea I. – A remarkable new species of Peruphasma Conle & Hennemann, 2002 from Northern Peru (Phasmatodea: Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae).
 Zootaxa, 1068: 59-68.

Abstract:
Peruphasma schultei n. sp., a remarkable new phasmid from the Cordillera del Condor in Northern Peru is described and illustrated from both sexes and the eggs. It is the first species of Peruphasma Conle & Hennemann, 2002 known to have rudimentary tegmina and alae. The original specimens were collected by Dipl. Biol. Rainer Schulte (INBICO NGO, Tarapoto, Per) to whom it is dedicated. Brief information on its biology and breeding are provided as well. Peruphasma picturata (Redtenbacher, 1906) is re-transferred to Autolyca Stål, 1875 and the type-locality “Chile” is shown to be wrong.

 

 

 

CONLE, O.V. & HENNEMANN, F.H. (2012): Studies of Neotropical Phasmatodea XII. – Pseudophasma lakini n. sp. - a new stick insect from eastern Ecuador (Phasmatodea: Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae).
Polish Journal of Entomology, 81: 1-8.

Abstract:
Pseudophasma lakini n. sp., a remarkable new phasmid from the eastern Andean slopes of Ecuador (Province Napo) is described and illustrated (both sexes and eggs). The original specimens were collected by Curtis Lakin (U.K.) in 2008, after whom it is named. The new species differs from all other known representatives of Pseudophasma Kirby, 1896 by the distinctly lobes meso- and metafemora and the shape of the tegmina. The holotype is deposited in the State Zoological Collections Munich, Germany (ZSMC), and paratypes in MNHN, BMNH and in the private collections of the authors (coll. OC and coll. FH).

 

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CONLE, O. V.
HENNEMANN, F. H.
DOSSEY, A. T.

 

 

CONLE, O.V., HENNEMANN, F.H. & DOSSEY, A.T. (2009): Survey of the colour morphs of the Southern Two-Striped Walking Stick, Anisomorpha buprestoides (Stoll, 1813), with notes on its range, habitats and behaviours (Phasmatodea: Areolatae: Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Anisomorphini)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 102(2): 210-232.

Abstract:
Numerous color morphs of the southern twostriped walkingstick (or "devil rider") Anisomorpha buprestoides (Stoll, 1813), predominantly from Florida, are described and illustrated. Three main color forms of A. buprestoides are recognized: white, oarnge and brown. As the type-specimens of A. buprestoides are lost but colored illustrations were provided by its original describer, these are here attempted to be affiliated to a certain color-variety. This is intended to support a future selection of a neotype, which will become necessary for conducting any confirmed taxonomic studies. The common brown form is highly variable in size and colouration and exhibits a wide distribution, mainly throughout the more northern portions of the dispersal of A. buprestoides. The white and orange forms are restricted to rather small localities in Central Florida and show affiliation to dryer habitats. The distribution of A. buprestoides, based on collecting records from various museum-collections, extends as far south as Key West, FL, but the northern boundary of its range is unclear. The day-hiding, defensive and oviposition behaviors are described and illustrated for the three recognized color forms and shown to differ considerably with dependence on the respective habitat. A list of known host plants and alternative food plants used in captive breeding of A. buprestoides is provided, which proves this species to be rather polyphagous. Captive breeding on alternative food plants for three generations has shown the coloration to remain constant independent of food plant used. Our observations lead to the conclusion that A. buprestoides is in every aspect capable of adaption to ecological pressure.

 

  

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CONLE, O. V.
HENNEMANN, F. H.
FONTANA, P.


  

CONLE, O.V., HENNEMANN, F.H. & FONTANA, P. (2007): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea V: Notes on certain species of Pseudosermyle Caudell, 1903, with the descriptions of three new species from Mexico (Phasmatodea: Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini).
► Zootaxa, 1496: 31-51.

Abstract:
Six species of Pseudosermyle Caudell, 1903 occurring in Mexico are discussed. Three new species from Mexico are described and illustrated, all of which are closely related to Pseudosermyle phalangiphora (Rehn, 1907): P. chorreadero n. sp. from both sexes, P. procea n. sp. and P. claviger n. sp. from the males only. The males of P. inconguens (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) and P. tolteca (Saussure, 1859) are re-described and illustrated. Detailed descriptions and illustrations are furthermore provided for both sexes and the eggs of P. phalangiphora (Rehn, 1907). Taxonomic problems caused by misidentifications and wrong synonymies of previous authors concerning to these six species are clarified. A lectotype is designated for Pseudosermyle incongruens (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907). Ocnophila crudis Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and Dyme depressa Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 are shown to be junior synonyms of P. phalangiphora Rehn, 1907.

 

 

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CONLE, O. V.
HENNEMANN, F. H.
GUTIERRÉZ, Y.


  

CONLE, O.V., HENNEMANN, F.H. & GUTIERRÉZ, Y. (2011): The Stick Insects of Colombia. A catalogue and bibliography, with the descriptions of four new genera and 74 new species.
Books on Demand, 1. Edition. 412 pp., 100 colour plates.

Introduction:
Colombia is amongst the 17 megadiverse countries in the world mainly due to its privileged position in northwestern South America and its highly complex topography. The latter includes the Andes and various types of environments ranging from tropical lowland rainforest over dwarf forest and Parámo to lowland savannas. Hence, it represents close to the optimum conditions for a high biodiversity and it is not surprising that also the stick insect fauna (order Phasmatodea) is apparently rich and highly diverse.
A considerable number of Phasmatodea from various museum collections in Colombia, the United States and Europe was available for examination. Extensive research and determination has shown this material to serve numerous new and precise records and as many as 74 species have proven to be as yet undescribed. These are here described and illustrated and raise the number of known Colombian species to 182, which however is certainly still far away from the true number of existing species. The surprisingly high number of new species emphasizes the great richness, but poor degree of exploration of the Colombian phasmid fauna and Colombia is here estimated to inherit some 300 species. Consequently, numerous species still await discovery and formal description. Several further supposedly new species are contained in the material at hand, but are not described, mostly because the unique specimens are without precise locality or incomplete and in poor condition.
In combination with the comprehensive taxonomic catalogue here presented, this work provides the necessary basis for future studies and is the first step towards a more sufficient exploration of the Colombian Phasmatodea. Only some 90 species were previously known from Colombia and the present study doubles the number to 182 species now recorded from Colombia. 74 new species are here described and illustrated, which belong to 31 distinct genera. As many as 19 species, 15 genera and one subgenus previously only known from neighbouring regions are recorded from Colombia for the first time. Descriptions and illustrations are provided for the previously unknown males or females of nine species. What concerns to taxonomic changes amongst Colombian species eleven new synonymies are detected, six of which are generic synonyms (syn. n.). 25 species are shown to have previously been misplaced and are transferred to other genera, resulting in 25 new combinations of generic and specific names (comb. n.) . Six species are transferred back to their original genus (stat. rev.). Four new genera are described, and three formerly misplaced species are transferred to either genus. Lectotypes are designated for 13 species, either to guarantee stability of the concerned names or confirming newly established synonymies.
The extensive material examined for this study is represented in various museum collections throughout Colombia, the United States and Europe as well as the author’s collections (see list of abbreviations below). It also includes all necessary and mostly historic type-material and has received much support from all responsible curators and staff of the corresponding museums and institutions. Type specimens of the 74 new species described in this book are deposited in the collections of ANDES-E (Bogotá), BMNH (London), CEBUC (Manizales), CEUA (Medellín), ICN (Bogotá), MEFLG (Medellín), MHN-UC (Manizales), MNCN (Madrid), MNHN (Paris), NHMW (Vienna) and coll. OC (Bolsterlang). Photographic work and measuring of specimens in Colombian collections was carried out by Yeisson Gutiérrez.
While most genera were extensively studied, the available material of some more speciose genera was researched in less detail and mainly restricted to identifying specimens of already described species. This particularly concerns to Isagoras Stål, 1875 and Libethra Stål, 1875 both of which are badly in need of detailed revision at the species level. Both genera contain species only known from a single sex or specimen without precise locality. A survey, new arrangement a redescription of Libethra Stål, 1875 is presented herein, which also covers the non-Colombian species, and represents a basis for a detailed revisional study of the genus. In addition to the description of new taxa, future studies should also aim the recognition of historic species in the more comprehensive representation now available. However, extensive collections throughout Colombia need to be conducted in order to re-discover historic species, defining their exact distribution, habitats, host-plants or biology and to trace the numerous so far unknown sexes and eggs of many species. It is hoped that this book will raise interest in the incredible natural history of this country and will encourage people to support the conservation of these fascinating insects in Colombia.

 

 

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CONLE, O. V.
HENNEMANN, F. H
KAECH, H.
KNEUBUEHLER, B.

 

 

CONLE, O.V., HENNEMANN, F.H., KAECH, H. & KNEUBUEHLER, B. (2009): Studies on neotropical Phasmatodea IX: Oreophoetes topoense n. sp. — a new colorful walking-stick from central Ecuador (Phasmatodea: Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Oreophoetini).

Journal of Orthoptera Research 2009, 18(1): 145-152. 

Abstract: Oreophoetes topoense n. sp. from Ecuador, Tungurahua Province, Rio Topo is described and illustrated for both sexes; eggs are described. It differs from all other species in the genus Oreophoetes Rehn, 1904, by a striking coloration and by morphological features of the insects’ genitalia and eggs. Keys are provided to distinguish the four known species of Oreophoetes Rehn, 1904. The holotype of Oreophoetes topoense n. sp. is deposited in the State Zoological Collections Munich, Germany (ZSMC), paratypes in ZSMC and the private collections of the two first authors (coll. OC and coll. FH).

 

 

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CONLE, O. V.
HENNEMANN, F. H.
PEREZ-GELABERT, D. E.

 

 

CONLE, O.V., HENNEMANN, F.H. & PEREZ-GELABERT, D.E. (2006): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea III: A new species of the genus Anisomorpha Gray, 1835 (Phasmatodea: Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae) from Hispaniola.
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington D.C., 108(4): 885-891.

Abstract:
Anisomorpha clara, n. sp., from Hispaniola is described and illustrated from both sexes. It is the first record of true Anisomorpha Gray, 1835, in the Greater Antilles.

 

 

 

CONLE, O.V., HENNEMANN, F.H. & PEREZ-GELABERT, D.E. (2008): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea II: Revision of the genus Malacomorpha Rehn, 1906, with the description of seven new species (Phasmatodea, Areolatae, Pseudophasmatidae, Pseudophasmatinae).
Zootaxa, 1748: 3-64.

Abstract:
The genus Malacomorpha Rehn, 1906 is revised at the species-level, based upon examination of all necessary type-material and extensive material housed in ANSP, CMNH and USNM mainly collected on nine international expeditions and collections at 280 sites distributed throughout the geography of the Dominican Republic from 2001 through 2004. A re-description of the genus and detailed descriptions of all 13 known species are provided. Seven new species are described and illustrated: Malacomorpha bastardoae n. sp., Malacomorpha macaya n. sp., Malacomorpha hispaniola n. sp., Malacomorpha minima n. sp., Malacomorpha multipunctata n. sp. & Malacomorpha obscura n. sp. from Hispaniola and Malacomorpha sanchezi n. sp. from Puerto Rico. The eggs of M. bastardoae n. sp., M. cyllarus (Westwood, 1859), M. jamaicana (Redtenbacher, 1906), M. multipunctata n. sp., M. obscura n. sp., M. sanchezi n. sp., and M. spinicolle (Burmeister, 1838) are described and illustrated, those of the four latter species for the first time. According to the original description and distribution Phasma graveolens King, 1867 is obviously a synonym of Malacomorpha cyllarus (Westwood, 1859), and not a synonym of Anismorpha buprestoides (Stoll, 1813) as stated by previous authors (n. syn.). A lectotype is designated for Phasma spinicolle Burmeister, 1838. The newly described species, but M. longipennis (Redtenbacher, 1906) and M. hispaniola n. sp. in particular, prove the genera Pseudolcyphides Karny, 1923 (Type-species: Phasma spinicolle Burmeister, 1838) and Alloeophasma Redtenbacher, 1906 (Type-species: Anophelepis poeyi Saussure, 1868) to be synonyms of Malacomorpha Rehn, 1906 (n. syn.). Consequently, the type species of both genera are here transferred to Malacomorpha Rehn, 1906 (n. comb.). The genus now contains apterous, brachypterous and pterous species restricted to the Greater Antilles and Bahamas.

 

 

 

CONLE, O.V., HENNEMANN, F.H. & PEREZ-GELABERT, D.E. (2014): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea XV: A remarkable new stick insect from highly montane habitats of Hispaniola (Pseudophasmatidae: Xerosomatinae: Hesperophasmatini).
Novitates Caribaea, 7: 28-36.

Abstract:
The new genus and species Tainophasma monticola gen. nov., sp. nov., a highly montane taxon which is remarkable for its very small size, compact body, short legs and proportionally very large head, is described and illustrated from both sexes and the eggs.

 

  

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CONLE, O. V.
HENNEMANN, F. H.
RAMIREZ-MORA, M. A.
QUIRÓZ, J.T.

 

 

CONLE, O.V., HENNEMANN, F.H. & RAMIREZ-MORA, M.A. & QUIRÓZ, J.T. (2009): Studies on neotropical Phasmatodea VIII: Revision of the genus Decidia Stål, 1875, with the description of a new species from Colombia  (Phasmatodea: Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Anisomorphini)
Zootaxa, 2089: 33-51.

Abstract:
The genus Decidia Stål, 1875 is revised with an updated description of the genus, descriptions of all four known species, illustrations and keys provided. The male of the type-species Decidia sorana (Westwood, 1859) is described and illustrated for the first time and a re-description of the females is presented. Examination of the Colombian Peruphasma doylei (Caudell, 1906) has shown this to belong in Decidia (n. comb.); the male is re-described and the previously unknown female described and illustrated for the first time. Also Autolyca blapoides Redtenbacher, 1906 from South Ecuador has proven to belong in Decidia and is here transferred (n. comb.) with the female re-described and unknown male described and illustrated for the first time. These two species show the genus Decidia to contain not only winged but apterous species as well. A very colourful new species, Decidia magnifica n. sp. from the central Cordillera of Colombia, is described and illustrated from both sexes. The eggs of Decidia remain as yet unknown. Decidia appears to be restricted to the Andean regions of Central and Southern Colombia and Ecuador above an altitude of 2000 metres, referred to as the biogeographical province Cauca. The genus shows close relation to the Central American Autolyca Stål, 1875 and is hence re-transferred from Pseudophasmatini to the tribe Anisomorphini (rev. stat.).

 

 

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HENNEMANN, F. H.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. (1992): PSG 128, Phyllium celebicum de Haan.
► Phasmid Studies, 1(2): 31-33.

Abstract:
Culture report.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. (1992): PSG 28, Eurycnema herculeana (Charpentier).
► Phasmid Studies, 1(2): 34-37.

Abstract:
Culture report.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. (1993): PSG 25, Pharnacia serratipes (Gray).
► Phasmid Studies, 2(2): 45-50.

Abstract:
Culture report.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. (1994): PSG 149, Achrioptera sp. 
Phasmid Studies, 3(1): 6-11.

Abstract:
Culture report.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. (1995): PSG 72, Phyllium giganteum Hausleithner.
► Phasmid Studies, 4(2): 64-66.

Abstract:
Culture report.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. (1995): PSG 89, an unidentified species of Necrosciinae.
► Phasmid Studies, 4(2): 67-69.

Abstract:
Culture report.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. (1995): Unterschiede zwischen zwei Vertretern der Gattung Eurycnema Serville 1839: Eurycnema versifasciata Serville und Eurycnema goliath (Gray).
► Arthropoda, 3(3): 39-46.

Abstract:
The differences between two species of the genus Eurycnema Serville, 1839 (E. versifasciata Serville and E. goliath (Gray) are described and problems of the synonymy of E. versifasciata Serville are discussed.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. (1995): Calvisia coerulescens Redtenbacher, eine wenig bekannte Phasmide aus West-Malaysia und die Erstbeschreibung des Männchens (Phasmatodea).
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 105(16): 321-325.

Abstract:
The species Calvisia coerulescens Redtenbacher, 1908 has so far been described only in the female sex. In this paper, a more detailed description of the female is given and the newly discovered male is described

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. (1995): Einige Bemerkungen zur Identität von Calvisia coerulescens Redtenbacher, 1908 (Phasmatodea).
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 105(24): 497.

Abstract:
In „Entomologische Zeitschrift“, no 16 from August, 15th 1995 the male of Calvisia coerulescens Redtenbacher was described. However, there was a misidentification and the correct name of the described specimen turned out to be Calvisia virbius (Westwood). Calvisia westermanni (Westwood) is a synonym of C. virbius. C. coerulescens Redtenbacher remains a separate species.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. (1998): Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Phasmidenfauna von Sulawesi. Mit einem Katalog der bisher bekannt gewordenen Arten.
► Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Zoologische Reihe, 74(1): 95-128.

Abstract:
In this paper, a collection of phasmids from Sulawesi (= Celebes) conducted by the author in August 1995 including material, which has been sent to the author by native suppliers is studied. Three new species (Phasma marosensis n. sp., Nescicroa albilateralis n. sp. & Nescicroa nigra n. sp. ) and three new subspecies (Pseudostheneboea aberrans emiri n. ssp. (including eggs), Nescicroa heinrichi rufescens n. ssp. & Hermagoras foliopeda celebensis n. ssp.) are described and illustrated. The male and egg of Nescicroa tenella (Günther, 1935), the female and egg of Baculum globosicaput  (Brunner v. W., 1907) the female of of Asceles rufescens (Redtenbacher, 1908) and the eggs of Nescicroa poeciloptera (Rehn, 1904) and Carausius insularis ? (Kirby, 1896) as well as the male of Hemiplasta styligera (Bates, 1865) are described and illustrated for the first time. A type species is selected for Pseudostheneboea Carl. A catalogue is provided of all stick and leaf-insects recorded or described from Sulawesi, including information on their synonymy and known localities on the island. Lecto- or parlectotypes are not designated. Eubias athlius Günther, 1935 is listed as a junior synonym of Moritasgus stresemanni Günther, 1935, Dagys balia Günther, 1935 as a junior synonym of Baculum globosicaput (Brunner v. W., 1907), the genus Aruanoidea Redtenbacher, 1908 as a synonym of Necroscia Audinet-Serville, 1838, Datames Stål, 1875 as a synonym of Pylaemenes Stål, 1875 and Hermagoras Stål, 1875 is restituated with foliopeda Olivier, 1792 being selected as the type species. Pylaemenes spiniventris (Bates, 1865) and Pylaemenes occipitalis (Kaup, 1871) are listed as junior synonyms of P. coronatus (de Haan, 1842) which remains with P. oileus (Westwood, 1859) and P. pusillus (Redtenbacher, 1906) the only species in the genus.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. (1999): On two species of Phasmatodea in the collection of the Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Bruxelles, including the description of a new species.
 Bulletin S.R.B.E./K.B.V.E., 135(1999): 213-215.

 

Abstract:
One new species of Phasmatodea (Nesiophasma zanus sp. n.) as well as the egg of Phasma marosensis Hennemann, 1998 are described and illustrated. The specimens discussed are preserved in the collection of the Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Bruxelles.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. (1999): Phasmidensteckbrief Nr. 6: Lopaphus sphalerus (Redtenbacher, 1908) PSG 174.
Arthropoda, 7(1): 19-20.

 

Abstract:
Culture report.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. (2001): A new species of Phanocles Stål, 1875, from Costa Rica (Phasmatodea: Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini).
► Phasmid Studies, 11(1): 8-13.

Abstract:
A new species of Phasmatodea, Phanocles costaricensis n. sp., from Costa Rica as well as its eggs are described and illustrated. It is closely related to the type species Phanocles burckartii (Saussure, 1868), but differs in its smaller size, being comparatively slender, the smaller dilations of the seventh  abdominal tergite and in lacking  the large lobes on the head and extrimities.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. (2002): Notes on the Phasmatodea of Sri Lanka (Orthoptera).
► Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 92: 37-76.

Abstract:
Several taxa of Phasmatodea from Central Sri Lanka are revised, described and illustrated with special reference to the genera Prisomera Gray, 1835, Stheneboea Stål, 1875, Ramulus Saussure, 1862 and Cuniculina Brunner v.Wattenwyl, 1907. A distinctive key is provided for the genera Prisomera Gray, 1835, Paraprisomera gen. n. and Stheneboea Stål, 1875. New diagnoses of specimens and eggs are included for all three genera. Stheneboea Stål, 1875 (Type-species: Stheneboea malaya Stål, 1875) is reinstated with its taxonomic placement discussed and a distinction as well as a list of species included is provided.
Paraprisomera gen. n. is established for Clitumnus coronatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907. The male and egg of Paraprisomera coronata (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) are described and figured for the first time and a redescription of the female is given. Prisomera degeneratum Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Stheneboea esuriens Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Stheneboea oppositifolia Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Stheneboea obtuse-lobata Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and Stheneboea rarolobata Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 are synonymized with Clitumnus coronatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl (new synonyms).
The egg of Prisomera spinicollis Gray, 1835 is described and figured with both sexes being redescribed and figured for the first time. Greenia ornata Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is synonymized with P. spinicollis Gray (syn. n.). Lonchodes auscultator Bates, 1865 and Greenia ignava Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 are transferred to Prisomera Gray, 1835 and redescriptions for both species are provided.
The egg of Paramenexenus ceylonicus (Saussure, 1868) is described and figured for the first time and redescriptions of the male and female are provided. Paramenexenus molestus Redtenbacher, 1908 is synonymized  with Anophelepis ceylonicus Saussure (syn. n.).
The new species Lopaphus srilankensis sp. n. from Anuradhapura is described and illustrated from the male sex only. Lopaphus srilankensis montanus  ssp. n. and Parasipyloidea seiferti sp. n. both from Nuwara Eliya region are described and figured in both sexes and the egg. The egg is the first to be known from the genus Parasipyloidea Redtenbacher, 1908. A key is provided for the Sri Lankan taxa of Parasipyloidea Redtenbacher, 1908 as well as a new diagnosis, differentiation and brief discussion of its systematic placement.
Both sexes of Sceptrophasma humilis (Westwood, 1859) are redescribed and illustrated as is the egg for the first time. Bacillus carinulatus Saussure, 1868 is synonymized with Bacillus humilis Westwood, 1859 (syn. n.). Cuniculina Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is reinstated and a new diagnosis, differentiation and a list of species included is provided. Cuniculina cuniculus (Westwood, 1859) is selecteded as type-species of Cuniculina Brunner v.Wattenwyl, 1907. Both sexes as well as the eggs of Cuniculina cuniculus (Westwood, 1859) are described and illustrated and its synonymy as well as intraspecific variation are discussed. The following species are synonymized with Cuniculina cuniculus (Westwood): Cuniculina acute-cornuta Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Clitumnus attingens Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Lonchodes ceylonicus Saussure, 1868, Lonchodes grallator Bates, 1865, Bacillus Hyphereon Westwood, 1859,  Cuniculina insolens Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Cuniculina inverse-cornuta Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Cuniculina laevissima Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Clitumnus rivalis Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and Bacillus scytale Bates, 1865 (new synonyms).
A discussion is provided for the identity and systematic placement of the genera Baculum Saussure, 1861 (Type-species: Baculum ramosum Saussure, 1861), Ramulus Saussure, 1862 (Type-species: Bacillus (Ramulus) humberti Saussure, 1862) and Ramulus Saussure, 1869 (Type-species: Bacillus carinulatus Saussure, 1868). The systematics and synonymies of the genera Ramulus Saussure, 1862 and Clitumnus Stål, 1875 are briefly discussed. Paraclitumnus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893 (Type-species: Paraclitumnus lineatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893) is synonymized with Ramulus Saussure, 1862 (syn. n.). Dubreuilia Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is a new synonym of Paraclitumnus Brunner v. Wattenwyl and finally becomes a new synonym of Ramulus Saussure, 1862 (syn. n.). Clitumnus trilineatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is synonymized with Ramulus humberti (Saussure, 1861) (syn. n.). Redescriptions of both sexes are provided. Clitumnus humberti Carl, 1913 is given a replacement name and renamed as Ramulus braggi nom. nov..The male and egg of Ramulus lobulatus (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) are described and figured for the first time and the female is redescribed.
Lectotypes are designated for the following species: Bacillus carinulatus Saussure, 1868, Bacillus (Ramulus) humberti Saussure, 1862, Bacillus hyphereon Westwood, 1859, Lonchodes ceylonicus Saussure, 1868, Clitumnus coronatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Clitumnus trilineatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907,  Clitumnus rivalis Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Cuniculina insolens Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Greenia ornata Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Lonchodes taprobanae Westwood, 1859, Prisomera degeneratum Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Prisomera  perlobatum Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Stheneboea esuriens Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and Paramenexenus molestus Redtenbacher, 1908. Holotypes of new taxa are deposited in the ZSMC, paratypes in both the ZSMC and the author’s collection.

 

 

 

 
HENNEMANN, F.H. (2003): The identity of Lonchodes geniculosus (Westwood, 1848) – a mistaken Lonchodinae from Malaysia and the description of the female (Phasmatodea: Diapheromeridae: Lonchodinae: Lonchodini).
► Phasmid Studies, 11 (2): 23-30.

Abstract: 
Lonchodes geniculosus (Westwod, 1848) was so far only known from the male holotype and has since been incorrectly referred to as a synonym of Lonchodes geniculatus Gray, 1835. Comparison of both species has proved Lonchodes geniculosus (Westwood) to be a valid taxon. A redescription of the male, a description of the newly discovered female and illustrations of both sexes are provided. The systematic position and differentiation of Lonchodes geniculosus (Westwood) from other species of Lonchodes Gray, 1835 are briefly discussed. A synonymic list for Lonchodes geniculatus Gray, 1835 as well as measurements and illustrations of both sexes are provided.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. (2005): Het problem rond “Baculum”: van het geslacht Ramulus Saussure, Cuniculina Brunner v. Wattenwyl, Medauroidea Zompro en Baculum Saussure, met eigen  referenties naar de PSG lijst toe.
► Phasma, 15(56): 7-11.

Abstract:
The confusion around former „Baculum“ is clarified with special reference to the species on the Phasmid Study Group culture-list. The status of the genera Baculum Saussure, 1861, Ramulus Saussure, 1862, Cuniculina Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and Medauroidea Zompro, 1999 is discussed and short characterizations are provided for each genus. Lists allocate all former “Baculum” on the PSG-list to one of these genera. Illustrations show the striking differences in the egg morphology  between these genera.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. (2007): Notes on the genera Andropromachus Carl, 1913 and Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001.
► Phasmid Studies, 15(1 & 2): 15-26.

Abstract:
A review of the genera Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001 and Andropromachus Carl, 1913 is provided. Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001 has erroneously been synonymised with Spiniphasma Chen & He, 2000. The latter genus is shown to be a junior synonym of Andropromachus Carl, 1913 (syn. nov.) and consequently Spinohirasea Zompro is re-established as a valid genus (stat. rev.). Spinohirasea crassithorax Zompro, 2001 is a junior synonym of Menexenus bengalensis Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907 (syn. nov.), hence M. bengalensis Brunner von Wattenwyl is transferred to Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001 (comb. nov.). The eggs of Spinohirasea bengalensis (Brunner von Wattenwyl) are described and illustrated for the first time. Illustrations and measurements of the female and male of S. bengalensis (Brunner von Wattenwyl) are provided, along with notes on the origin of the culture-stock PSG 272, captive breeding, alternative food plants and biology. Menexenus modificatus Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907 was erroneously synonymised with Neohirasea maerens (Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907) and is here shown to represent a synonym of Promachus (?) bicolor Kirby, 1904 (syn. nov.). Lectotypes are designated for Andropromachus bicolor (Kirby, 1904) and Menexenus modificatus Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. (2008): Over de nieuwe classificatie van Lonchodes Gray, 1835.
► Phasma, 18(71): 12-21.

Abstract:
Due to a re-arrangement of the genus Lonchodes Gray, 1835 by Hennemann & Conle (2007) the generic names of several former “Lonchodes-species” on the PSG culture-list have changed to either Mnesilochus or Hermagoras. Many breeders appear to ask for the reasons why the generic names of such well known species like e.g. “Lonchodes mindanaense” needed changing. In order to answer these questions and allowing Phasma-members to allocate Lonchodes-like species to the correct genus, a brief explanation along with a distinguishing key, short descriptions and lists of species are provided herein.

 

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

  

HENNEMANN, F.H.
CONLE, O.V.

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (1996): Symetriophasma brevitarsa n. gen., n. sp. - eine neue Phasmide aus Neuguinea (Phasmatodea: Eurycanthinae).
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 106(11): 457-460.

Abstract:
Symetriophasma brevitarsa n. gen., n. sp., a new genus and species of Phasmatodea from New Guinea, belonging to the subfamily Eurycanthinae, is described and figured. The systematic position of the genus within the subfamily is briefly discussed. A second species, Trapezaspis echinata Günther, 1936, is transferred to the new genus.

 

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (1997): Die Gattung Thaumatobactron, Günther 1929 mit der Beschreibung zwei neuer Arten aus Papua Neuguinea (Phasmatodea, Eurycanthinae).
► Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum Berlin, 73(1): 175-182.

Abstract:
Two new species of the genus Thaumatobactron Günther, 1929 (Th. granulosa n. sp. & Th. guentheri n. sp.) from Papua New Guinea are described and figured. A review on the genus and a key to the males is given. Some information on the biology of the species is included.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (1997): Intraspezifische Variabilität bei Lonchodes femoratus (Stoll, 1787) nebst einigen Bemerkungen zu ihrer Synonymie (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae). 
Entomologische Zeitschrift, 107(1): 30-37.

Abstract:
In this paper the intraspecific variation of the phasmid Lonchodes femoratus (Stoll) is discussed and illustrated. The material examined originates in a phasmid collection made by P. Kibler in 1912 from the Key Islands, which includes 158 females, 7 males and two large female nymphs. The synonymy of the species is discussed and one new synonym (Prisomera expulsum Brunner v. W., 1907) is listed, which is said to differ from L. femoratus by having a struma on the mesontum. The eggs are described and illustrated.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (1997): Beschreibung des Männchens und der Eier von Phasma reinwardtii de Haan 1842 (Phasmatodea: Phasmatinae).
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 107(7): 290-294.

Abstract:
The recently discovered male of Phasma reinwardtii de Haan 1842 as well as the eggs of this species are described and illustrated for the first time. A key is given for the males and illustrations show the differences between both sexes of Ph. gigas (Linnaeus, 1758) and Ph. reinwardtii.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (1997): Zwei neue Stabschrecken von den Philippinen (Phasmatodea). 
Entomologische Zeitschrift, 107(8): 343-352.

Abstract:
Two new species of Phasmatodea (Manduria halconensis n. sp. and Baculolonga philippinica n. gen., n. sp.) from the Philippine Island of Mindoro are described and figured including a description and illustration of the egg of Manduria halconensis n. sp. Manduria halconensis differs from the only known member of the genus M. systropedon (Westwood, 1859) by the body being stouter, the legs shorter with the mesofemora bearing leaf-like lobes and the different structure of the body granulation.
The new genus Baculolonga n. gen. is erected with Cladoxerus serratipes Gray, 1835 as type species. The genus is easily distinguished from Pharnacia Stål, 1877 and Phobaeticus Brunner v. W. by the morphology of the eggs. Additionally, it differs from Pharnacia by being more slender in both sexes and the slightly longer median segment of the females and from Phobaeticus by the winged males (except philippinica n. sp.) and the much longer median segment. The egg of B. serratipes (Gray) is illustrated. Baculolonga philippinica n. sp. is similar to the three other members of the new genus, B. serratipes (Gray, 1835), B. kirbyi (Brunner v. W., 1907) and B. redtenbacheri (Dohrn, 1910), but can be easily distinguished from these by the males being completely wingless. The egg of the new species is still unknown, while the eggs of the other three species have previously been described by other authors.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (1997): Eine bemerkenswerte neue Riesenstabschrecke aus Vietnam: Phobaeticus heusii n. sp. (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: Hermarchini).
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 107(12): 504-509.

Abstract:
Phobaeticus heusii n. sp. from Vietnam is described and figured including the eggs of this species. It is closest related to Phobaeticus fruhstorferi Brunner v. W., 1907, but differs in being much larger and the males chowing a different colouring. The eggs are quite smiliar to those of Phobaeticus sichuanensis Cai & Liu, 1993. The males are the largest male stick-insects known so far, and the only species in which the female has a larger body length are Baculolonga kirbyi (Brunner v. W., 1907) with 328 mm and Nearchus maximus Redtenbacher, 1908 with 300 mm.

 

 


Hennemann, F.H. & Conle, O.V. (1998): Drei neue Arten der Gattung Thaumatobactron Günther, 1929 (Phasmatodea:Phasmatidae, Eurycanthinae).
► Nachrichten des entomologischen Vereins Apollo, N.F., 19(3/4): 299-307.

Abstract:
Three new species of the genus Thaumatobactron Günther, 1929 endemic to New Guinea are described and illustrated from material deposited in the Natural History Museum, London (BMNH): Th. harmani spec. nov., Th. unicolor spec. nov. and Th. spinosissima spec. nov. Two of the three species are known only from the male holotype. The holotypes are preserved in BMNH. An extended key to the males of the seven species known today is given.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (1998): Beschreibung des Männchens von Parapachymorpha quadrispinosa Hennemann, Gehler & Conle (Phasmatodea: Pachymorphinae). 
Entomologische Zeitschrift, 108(6): 259-260.

Abstract:
The recently discovered male of Parapachymorpha quadrispinosa Hennemann, Gehler & Conle, 1995 is described and illustrated.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (1998): Beschreibung des Männchens und der Eier von Eurycantha coronata Redtenbacher 1908 (Phasmatodea: Eurycanthinae).
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 108(8): 342-344.

Abstract:
The recently discovered male and egg of Eurycantha coronata Redtenbacher, 1908 are described and figured for the first time. An illustration of the females is included as well.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (1999): Typenmaterial der Phasmatodea im Naturhistorischen Museum Basel.
► Entomologica Basiliensia, 21: 5-12.

Abstract:
A catalogue is provided for the type material of Phasmatodea (27 species & 9 subspecies) deposited in the Naturhistorische Museum Basel, Switzerland (NHMB). All data for the material concerned are given along with taxonomic and relevant comments. Leocrates mecheli Redtenbacher, 1906 is listed as a new synonym of Haaniella muelleri (de Haan, 1842) as a long-winged form of the latter. Calvisia coniceps Redtenbacher, 1908 is listed as a new synonym of Calvisia virbius (Westwood). A type species is designated for Hemiplasta Redtenbacher, 1908 and Brachyrhamphus Carl, 1915.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (1999): Ladakhomorpha longipes n. gen., n. sp. - eine bemerkenswerte neue Phasmide aus Indien (Phasmatodea; Pachymorphinae).
► Entomologica Basiliensia, 21: 13-17.

Abstract:
A new genus and species of Phasmatodea (Ladakhomorpha longipes gen. n., sp. n.) from Ladakh in Northern India is described and illustrated. The genus resembles the genera Macynia Stål, 1875 and Bacillus Latreille, 1825 but is most closely related to Leptynia Pantel, 1890.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2003): A new species of Theramenes Stål, 1875 (Phasmatodea: Heteropterigydae: Obriminae: Obrimini) from Panay Island, Philippines.
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 113(4): 104-106.

Abstract:
Theramenes exiguus sp. nov. (Phasmatodea: Heteropterigydae) is described and illustrated from Panay Island, Philippines. The new species differs from the type-species of Theramenes Stål, T. olivaceus (Westwood, 1859), by being more slender and the lower thoracic tubercles. It can be seperated from T. mandirigma Zompro & Eusebio, 2001, by the number of thoracic tubercles and by its larger body size.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2003): Catalogue of type specimens of Phasmatodea (Insecta) deposited in the Staatliche Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart.
► Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie A (Biologie), 651: 1-8.

Abstract:
A catalogue of all Phasmatodea type material lodged in the Staatliche Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart (SMNS) is provided (28 species: 10 described by Brunner v. Wattenwyl (1907), 2 by Hennemann, Conle & Brückner (1996a, 1996b), 1 by Hennemann, Gehler & Conle (1995a), 1 by Kevan (1955) and 14 by Redtenbacher (1906, 1908)). The taxa are listed alphabetically by species for each author along with the number of specimens, sex, locality and additional information if necessary. A few of the specimens, marked as types, are very doubtful to represent type material; their status is clarified.
Some background information on the collection of the SMNS, important collectors and the type material is provided. The type material of four taxa described by Brunner v. Wattenwyl (1907) and fourtaxa described by Redtenbacher (1908) from the SMNS could not be traced; it is listed separately. Lectotypes are designated for Diardia battak Redtenbacher, 1908 and Ocnophila ornatissima Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907. Bacteria imitans Redtenbacher, 1908 is found to be a junior synonym of Phanocloidea muricata (Burmeister, 1838).

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2003): Notes on rarely known Phasmatodea from Sarawak with the description of two new species and studies on the genus Gargantuoidea Redtenbacher, 1908.
► Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 93: 11-24.

Abstract:
A new species of the genus Acacus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 (type-species: Bacteria sarawaca Westwood, 1859), Acacus braggi n. sp., from Mt. Serapi in Northwestern Sarawak is described and illustrated in both sexes including its eggs.
A discussion and determination keys, as well as a list of the known species of Gargantuoidea Redtenbacher, 1908 (type-species: Necroscia gargantua Westwood, 1859) are provided. A new species from Matang in Northwestern Sarawak, Gargantuoidea matangensis n. sp., is described and illustrated from the female sex. The egg of Gargantuoidea triumphalis Redtenbacher, 1908 is illustrated and described in detail. The genus Necrosciodes Karny, 1923 (type-species: Necroscia lampetia Westwood, 1859) is found to represent a junior synonym of Gargantuoidea Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.).
Prisomera portentosum Brunner v.Wattenwyl, 1907 is transferred to the genus Phenacephorus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 (type-species: Phenacephorus cornucervi Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907). The female and egg of are described and figured for the first time. A redescription of the male is provided as well.
The holotypes of the two new taxa described in this paper (Acacus braggi n. sp. and Gargantuoidea matangensis n. sp.) are deposited in the collection of the Zoologische Staatssammlung Munich (ZSM), paratypes of the first are deposited in ZSM, coll. P.E. Bragg (England) and the first author’s collection.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2004): Paractenomorpha baehri n. gen., n. sp. – a new Phasmid from South Australia (Insecta, Phasmatodea, Phasmatidae, Phasmatinae, Phasmatini).
► Spixiana, 27 (1): 15-18.

Abstract:
An interesting new species of Phasmatodea from the Gawler Ranges, South Australia is described and illustrated from the female sex.Paractenomorpha n. gen. is established for P. baehri n. sp., which is designated as the type-species. One further species, Lopaphus macrotegmus Tepper, 1887 is included in the new genus. Paractenomorpha n. gen. is closely related to Ctenomorpha Gray, 1833. The holotype of Paractenomorpha baehri n. sp. is preserved in the collection of the Zoologische Staatssammlung Munich, Germany (ZSMC).

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2004): Revision of the tribe Achriopterini Bradley & Galil, 1977, with the description of a new genus three new species and a new subspecies from Madagascar (Phasmatodea; Phasmatidae; Phasmatinae).
► Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 94: 5-54.

Abstract:
The Malagasyan and Comorian tribe Achriopterini Bradley & Galil, 1977 is revised on species level. A new diagnosis of the tribe and keys to distinguish the included genera are provided. A discussion and biogeography show Achriopterini Bradley & Galil, 1977 to be closely related to the Papuan tribe Stephanacridini Bradley & Galil, 1977 and furthermore, to show affinity to the Neotropical genus Pterinoxylus Audinet-Serville, 1838.
The new genus Glawiana gen. nov. is established for Glawiana glawi sp. nov. from Southern Madagascar, which is designated as the type-species. The new genus differs from Achrioptera Coquerel, 1861 by: the smaller size and stouter body; relatively shorter mesothorax; strongly globose and bi-lobed head and presence of prominent lobes on the dorsal carina of the meso- and metatibiae. The type-species Glawiana glawi sp. nov. is known from a unique female only.
A complete revision of the genus Achrioptera Coquerel, 1861 (Type-species: Achrioptera fallax Coquerel, 1861) is provided alongside a new diagnosis of the insects and eggs and determinating keys to the species. Redescriptions, measurements, synonymic listings, a literature review and illustrations are provided for all known species and maps show the known records of all taxa. The genus Hovaspectrum Rehn, 1940 (Type-species: Hovaspectrum lobipes Rehn, 1940) is found to represent a synonym of Achrioptera Coquerel, 1861 (syn. nov.).
Two new species and a new subspecies of Achrioptera Coquerel, 1861 from Madagascar are described: Achrioptera gracilis sp. nov. from the female and Achrioptera magnifica sp. nov. and Achrioptera punctipes cliquennoisi ssp. nov. from both sexes and the eggs. Achrioptera composita Carl, 1913 and Achrioptera intermedia Redtenbacher, 1908 are synonymised with Achrioptera punctipes (Audinet-Serville, 1838) (syn. nov.). The eggs of Achrioptera punctipes (Audinet-Seville, 1838) are redescribed and illustrated, those of A. fallax Coquerel, 1861 and Achrioptera magnifica sp. nov. are described and illustrated for the first time. The egg of A. punctipes cliquennoisi ssp. nov. is shortly characterized. The newly discovered females of Achrioptera fallax Coquerel, 1861 and Achrioptera impennis Redtenbacher, 1908 and the still unknown adult male of Achrioptera impennis Redtenbacher, 1908 (so far only been known from a penultimate instar nymph) are described and illustrated for the first time. A lectotype is designated for Achrioptera pygmaea Redtenbacher, 1908.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2005):
Een expeditie in het onderzoekcentrum van Panguana (September-Oktober 2004).
► Phasma, 15(57): 16-21 & pl. 2.

Abstract:
Mid of September 2004 Frank Hennemann and Oskar Conle went on an expedition to Peru. They went to the Amazone rainforest not far away from the Andes. They travelled with four other colleagues of the State Zoological Collections Munich.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2006): A new species of Trachyaretaon Rehn & Rehn, 1939 from the Babuyan Islands, Philippines (Phasmatodea: Heteropterygidae, Obriminae, Obrimini).
► Entomofauna, 27(18): 217-228.

Abstract:
Trachyaretaon brueckneri sp. nov. from the Babuyan Islands (Northern Philippines), a new species of the genus Trachyaretaon Rehn & Rehn, 1939 is described and illustrated from both sexes and the eggs. For comparison, illustrations of the type-species T. echinatus (Stål, 1877) are provided. Keys are provided to distinguish the taxa of Trachyaretaon Rehn & Rehn, 1939. The holotype is preserved in the State Zoological Collections Munich (ZSMC), paratypes are deposited in various public and private collections.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2006): Studies on New Guinean giant stick-insects of the tribe Stephanacridini Günther, 1953, with the descriptions of a new genus and three new species of Stephanacris Redtenbacher, 1908 (Phasmatodea: “Anareolatae”).
► Zootaxa, 1283, 1-24.

Abstract:
The genus Hermarchus Stål, 1875 (type-species: Phibalosoma pythonius Westwood, 1859) is an artificial taxon. The new genus Macrophasma n. gen. (type-species: Hermarchus biroi Redtenbacher, 1908) is described to contain all New Guinean species currently in Hermarchus Stål, as these differ considerably from the type-species of Hermarchus Stål from Fiji by various features of the insects and eggs. Hermarchus biroi Redtenbacher, 1908, H. lyratus Redtenbacher, 1908 and H. oreitrephes Günther, 1929 are transferred to Macrophasma n. gen.. Hermarchus annulatus Günther, 1929 and H. muelleri Redtenbacher, 1908 are shown to be synonyms of H. biroi Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). A lectotype is designated for M. biroi (Redtenbacher, 1908) with the egg described and illustrated. Three new species of the genus Stephanacris Redtenbacher, 1908 from New Guinea are described and illustrated from the females and eggs: Stephanacris draconius n. sp. from Papua New Guinea, Stephanacris multilobatus n. sp. from southeast West Papua and Stephanacris laeviceps n. sp. from northwest West Papua. Holotypes are deposited in ZSMC and RMNH, paratypes in the first and second author’s collections.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2006): The genus Paracyphocrania Redtenbacher, 1908 (Phasmatodea, Phasmatinae, Phasmatini).
► Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden, 80-4(9): 91-101.

Abstract:
The little-known monotypic genus Paracyphocrania Redtenbacher, 1908 (Phasmatinae: Phasmatini) is reviewed and now comprises two species: P. lativentris Redtenbacher, 1908, and P. tecticollis (Redtenbacher, 1908) comb. nov., which are described and illustrated. A neotype is designated for P. lativentris which is newly recorded from Sulawesi.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2006): Papuacocelus papuanus n. gen. n. sp. – a new Eurycanthinae from Papua New Guinea, with notes on the genus Dryococelus Gurney, 1947 and description of the egg (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae: Eurycanthinae).
► Zootaxa, 1375: 31-49.

Abstract:
The new genus Papuacocelus n. gen. (Type-species: Papuacocelus papuanus n. sp.) is described from Papua New Guinea (Morobe Province) and is related to Dryococelus Gurney, 1947,  Thaumatobactron Günther, 1929 and Eurycantha Boisduval, 1835. The type-species Papuacocelus papuanus n. sp. is described and illustrated. The male holotype is deposited in BMNH, the female paratype in the first author’s collection (FH).
The monotypic genus Dryococelus Gurney, 1947 (Type-species: Karabidion australe Montrouzier, 1855) is briefly discussed and the eggs are described and illustrated for the first time. Keys and a table are presented to distinguish Dryococelus Gurney, 1947, Papuacocelus n. gen., Thaumatobactron Günther, 1929 and Eurycantha Boisduval, 1835.
The beak-like ovipositor possessed by most females of Eurycanthinae is found to be formed by elongation of the anal segment and subgenital plate, and not as stated by all former authors by the subgenital plate and an elongated supraanal plate. A brief survey is provided of the beak-like ovipositors in Phasmatodea.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2007): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea IV. Jeremiodes gen. nov. – a new genus of the subfamily Cladomorphinae, and the description of two new species (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae).
► Spixiana, Zeitschrift für Zoologie, 30(1): 1-11.

Abstract:
The new genus Jeremiodes gen. nov. is established with J. guianensis spec. nov. designated as the type-species. The new genus includes three species, two of which are described as new. Jeremiodes guianensis spec. nov. from French Guiana is described and illustrated from both sexes. Jeremiodes bolivianus spec. nov. from the Chapare Province of Bolivia is described and illustrated from the males only. Bacteria pachycerca Redtenbacher, 1908 from SE-Peru is transferred to Jeremiodes gen. nov. (comb. nov.). Bacteria pichisina Giglio-Tos, 1910 was described from a single female from eastern Peru and has proven to be the opposite sex of B. pachycerca Redtenbacher, 1908 (syn. nov.). Type material of the two newly described species is deposited in ZSMC and MNHN.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2007): Studies on Philippine Lonchodinae with the descriptions of two new genera and eleven new species (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae: Lonchodinae).
► Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 97 (Supplement): 3-88.

Abstract:
The subfamily Lonchodinae is a large but still rather poorly studied group of Old World Phasmatodea. The collections of the authors include numerous species of Lonchodinae from the Philippine Islands of Samar, Mindoro, Panay, Babuyan and Luzon, some of which are here studied in detail. Two new genera and eleven new species are described. Keys to the genera and a checklist of Philiippine Lonchodinae are presented which lists 28 described species in nine distinct genera.
The genus Mithrenes Stål, 1877 is re-described and distinguished from related genera. Two new species are described based on both sexes and the eggs: Mithrenes mindorensis sp. n. from Mindoro and Mithrenes panayensis sp. n. from Panay. A lectotype is designated for Mithrenes asperulus Stål, 1877. The paralectotype of Lonchodes systropedon Westwood, 1859 is conspecific with Mithrenes whiteheadi (Kirby, 1896) and Lonchodes nodulosus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is the opposite sex and a junior synonym as is Dixippus bilobatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 (syn. n.). A lectotype is designated for Dixippus bilobatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and descriptions are provided for both sexes. Keys are presented to distinguish between the four described species in the genus.
The new species Lonchodes philippinicus sp. n. from Panay is described and illustrated based on bothsexes and the eggs. As currently treated the genus Lonchodes Gray, 1835 is shown to be polyphyletic. A critical discussion of the genus is presented, which briefly summarizes the generic units or specific groups recognized within the genus. Species subsequently attributed to Lonchodes Gray are here transferred to the genera Lonchodiodes gen. n., Mnesilochus Stål, 1877 and Hermagoras Stål, 1875. A list of species which belong in Lonchodes (sensu stricto) is provided.
The new genus Lonchodiodes gen. n. (type-species: Lonchodiodes samarensis sp. n.) and five new species are described and illustrated. Four species are known from both sexes and the eggs: Lonchodiodes atrovirens sp. n. and Lonchodiodes grandis sp. n. from Panay, Lonchodiodes samarensis sp. n. from Samar and Lonchodiodes babuyanensis sp. n. from the Babuyan Islands. Lonchodiodes eurycanthoides sp. n. from Mindoro is described from the male and female alone. Three species are transferred from Lonchodes Gray, 1835 to Lonchodiodes gen. n.: Lonchodes putingmantsa Zompro, 2003 comb. n., Lonchodes tagalicus Stål, 1877 comb. n. and Lonchodes trollius Westwood, 1859 comb. n.. The female and egg of L. trollius (Westwood, 1859) are described and illustrated for the first time and a re-description is provided of the male. Keys are presented to distinguish between the eight known species in the genus.
A list of species is presented for Periphetes Stål, 1877. One new species, Periphetes quezonicus sp. n., is described from Luzon based on the female and male. A detailed description and illustrations of the egg of Periphetes forcipatus (Bates, 1865) from Sulawesi are provided. Dixippus furcatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and Periphetes duivenbodei elongatus Günther, 1938 from Sulawesi and Periphetes sangirensis Dohrn, 1910 from Sangihe Island shown to be junior synonyms of P. forcipatus (Bates) (syn. n.). Lectotypes are designated for Lonchodes analis Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and Lonchodes forcipatus Bates, 1865.
The new genus Matutumetes gen. n. is described for two new species from Mindanao, both of which are known from the male and female: M. amoenus sp. n. and M. mindanaensis sp. n.. This new genus is well characterized by the strikingly prominent praeopercular organ of females. The eggs of Matutumetes gen. n. remain unknown.
Mnesilochus Stål, 1877 is re-established (stat. rev.), re-described and distinguished from related genera. A list is presented of the 13 species currently included, 11 of which are here transferred from either Lonchodes Gray, 1835 (sensu lato) or Phenacephorus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 (new combinations). The female and egg of Mnesilochus headulus Stål, 1877 are described and illustrated for the first time and a re-description is provided of the male. Prisomera tuberculatum Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is synonymised with Mnesilochus mindanaense (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) syn. n.. Prisomera modestissimum Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 was synonymised with Mnesilochus modestus (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) in error and is shown to be a synonym of Paraprisomera coronata (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) n. syn.. The type-locality “S.O. Borneo” is shown to be wrong, the specimens most certainly originating from Sri Lanka.
A review is presented of the genus Manduria Stål, 1877, along with a re-description and brief notes on its systematic position. A key is provided to distinguish the females. The female paralectotype of Lonchodes systropedon Westwood, 1859 in BMNH is shown to be a specimen of M. bilobatus (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907).
Holotypes of most new taxa are deposited in the State Zoological Collection Munich, Germany (ZSMC), paratypes in various public and private collections.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2007): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea VII. Description of a new genus and four new species of Diapheromerinae from Peru and Bolivia (Phasmatodea, “Anareolatae”, Diapheromeridae).
► Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 97(Supplement): 89-112.

Abstract:
The new genus Lobolibethra n. gen. is established in the tribe Diapheromerini, with Lobolibethra panguana n. sp. designated as the type-species. Three new species are described: L. boliviana n. sp. from the Chapare Province of Bolivia and L. mutica n. sp. from North Peru from the females only, the type-species L. panguana n. sp. from East Peru from is described from both sexes and the eggs. Libethra peruana Caudell, 1918 is a junior synonym of Ocnophila mainerii Giglio-Tos, 1910 (n. syn.). Ocnophila ignava (Westwood, 1859) from Brazil and Rugosolibethra ramale (Giglio-Tos, 1898) from South Ecuador are transferred to Lobolibethra n. gen. (n. comb.).
A new species on the genus Ocnophiloidea Zompro, 2001 (tribe Ocnophilini), O. dillerorum n. sp., is described from the Huanuco Province of East Peru. This new species is known from both sexes and the egg.
Holotypes of new taxa are deposited in MUSM and ZSMC, paratypes in the two mentioned institutions and the author’s collections. All type-specimens are dried and pinned.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2008): Revision of Oriental Phasmatodea: The tribe Pharnaciini Günther, 1953, including the description of the world’s longest insect*, and a survey of the family Phasmatidae Gray, 1835 with keys to the subfamilies and tribes. (Phasmatodea: “Anareolatae”: Phasmatidae).
► Zootaxa, 1906: 1-316. (* author: P.E. Bragg)

Abstract:
The family Phasmatidae Gray, 1835 is reviewed and the subfamily Phasmatinae shown to be polyphyletic. Based on features of the exosceleton of the insects, egg-morphology and copulation habits a new arrangement of Phasmatidae is proposed. The monophyly of Lanceocercata Bradler, 2001 is confirmed but this name shown to be a synonym of Phasmatidae, hence Lanceocercata is here referred to as Phasmatidae sensu stricto. Six subfamilies belong in Phasmatidae sensu stricto all of which share several common and supposedly apomorphic characters: Phasmatinae, Tropidoderinae, Extatosomatinae (stat. nov.), Xeroderinae, Pachymorphinae and “Platycraninae”. The other two subfamilies contained in Phasmatidae sensu Bradley & Galil, 1977 (Eurycanthinae and Cladomorphinae) are not cosely related and here regarded as subfamilies of Phasmatidae sensu lato. The subfamily Phasmatinae sensu Bradley & Galil, 1977 is shown to be polyphyletic. The two tribes Pharnaciini and Clitumnini (= Baculini Günther, 1953) are removed from Phasmatinae and shown to be closely related to each other. They are transferred to the here established subfamily Clitumninae, a subordinate clade of Phasmatidae sensu lato. The subfamily Lonchodinae is closely related to Clitumninae, hence removed from Diapheromeridae and transferred to Phasmatidae sensu lato. The tribes Achriopterini and Stephanacridini (formerly in Phasmatinae) are shown to be not closely related to either Phasmatinae sensu stricto, Clitumninae or Lonchodinae, and provisionally must be treated as tribes of Phasmatidae sensu lato (incerte sedis).
A re-arrangement of Phasmatidae sensu stricto is proposed along with determinating keys to all subfamilies and their  tribes. The subfamilies Phasmatinae, Tropidoderinae and Extatosomatinae stat. nov. are re-described and discussed in detail. Full lists of genera are provided for each tribe. Only three of seven tribes formerly in Phasmatinae remain in the subfamily, this is Phasmatini, Acanthomimini and Acanthoxylini. The subfamily Tropidoderinae contains three tribes: Tropidoderini, Monandropterini and Gigantophasmatini trib. nov. The tribe Extatosomatini Clark-Sellick, 1997 is removed from Tropidoderinae and raised to subfamily level (Extatosomatinae stat. nov.).
Several genera are transferred to other tribes or subfamilies. Didymuria Kirby, 1904 is removed from Tropidoderini, since it differs by having a closed internal micropylar plate in the eggs (open in all Tropidoderini). It here remains as a genus incerte sedis of Tropidoderinae and its systematic position clearly deserves further clarification. Gigantophasma Sharp, 1898 from the Loyalty Islands is removed from Pharnaciini, and becomes the type genus of the tribe Gigantophasmatini trib. nov.. Anophelepis Westwood, 1859 is removed from “Platycraninae” and shown to belong in Phasmatinae: Acanthomimini. The two Australian genera Arphax Stål, 1875, and Vasilissa Kirby, 1896 are removed from Acanthoxylini and provisionally transferred to Acanthomimini, but their position remains as yet debatable. Echetlus Stål, 1875 is misplaced in “Platycraninae” and  shown to be a likely member of Phasmatinae. The two Brazilian species Echetlus evoneobertii Zompro & Adis, 2001 and Echetlus fulgens Zompro, 2004b are obviously misplaced and belong in the New World Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini.
The subfamily Pachymorphinae is briefly discussed and considered polyphyletic. Three genera of Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini Bragg, 1995 (Parapachymorpha Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893 and Cnipsomorpha Hennemann et al., 2008) are transferred to Clitumninae: Medaurini trib. nov. The genus Gongylopus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is transferred from Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini to Clitumninae: Clitumnini. The subfamily Xeroderinae is briefly discussed and shown likely to be polyphyletic, due to it contains two fundamentally different types of genitalia in the males. Only the genera Xeroderus Gray, 1835 and perhaps Epicharmus Stål, 1875 clearly belong in Phasmatidae sensu stricto. Both, the Pachymorphinae and Xeroderinae certainly deserve more detailed investigation to clarify their systematic positions with confirmation.
Two generic groups are recognized within Clitumnini (subfamily Clitumninae). Due to differing by genital features and egg-morphology Medaura Stål, 1875 and Medauroidea Zompro, 2000 are removed from Clitumnini and transferred to the newly described Medaurini trib. nov.. The new tribe furthermore contains two genera formerly included in Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini and transferred here, Cnipsomorpha Hennemann et al., 2008 and Parapachymorpha Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893. Phryganistria Stål, 1875 is removed from Clitumnini and transferred to Pharnaciini. Nesiophasma Günther, 1934 is shown to belong in the tribe Stephanacridini.
The Australasian subfamily Lonchodinae Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893 has formerly been included in Diapheromeridae Zompro, 2001 (= Heteronemiidae by Bradley & Galil, 1977). However, numerous features of the genitalia and egg morphology show close relation to the Oriental subfamily Clitumninae instead. Thus, Lonchodinae is here transferred to the family Phasmatidae (sensu lato). Within Lonchodinae the new tribe Neohiraseini trib. nov. is recognized and contains the five genera formerly placed in the “Neohirasea-complex” of that subfamily, namely Andropromachus Carl, 1913, Neohirasea Rehn, 1904, Pseudocentema Chen, He & Li, 2002, Qiongphasma Chen, He & Li, 2002 and Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001. It differs from all other Lonchodinae (= tribe Lonchodini) by the well developed vomer of males and the lack of a capitulum in the eggs. The genus Cladomimus Carl, 1915 was previously misplaced in Clitumninae: Pharnaciini and is here transferred to Lonchodinae: Lonchodini. It appears to be close to the Australian Hyrtacus Stål, 1875. Leprocaulinus Uvarov, 1940 and Phenacocephalus Werner, 1930 are removed from the subfamily Necrosciinae and transferred to Lonchodinae: Lonchodini.
Extensive research on the genera which belong to the tribe Pharnaciini Günther, 1953 and taking features of the genital exosceleton and egg-morphology into account, has shown this tribe to be polyphyletic. Based on such features two generic groups are easily recognized within Pharnaciini sensu Günther, 1953. Males of the first group have a longitudinally split anal segment, which consists of two separate, more or less elongate semi-tergites and forms a clasping apparatus, the vomer is strongly reduced or lacking, the profemora have a prominent, lamellate medioventral carina which is strongly displaced towards the anteroventral carina and the eggs have an open internal micropylar plate with a clear median line. Only the genera falling into this group remain in Pharnaciini. Males of the second group in contrast have an anal segment which is not split, but possess a clearly visible, well sclerotised, triangular or hook-like external vomer, an indistinct medioventral carina on the profemora and eggs with a closed internal micropylar plate. Most of the genera which fall into the second group are here transferred to the tribe Stephanacridini Günther, 1953, this is Diagoras Stål, 1877b, Eucarcharus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Phasmotaenia Návas, 1907 and Sadyattes Stål, 1875. A detailed discussion of the differences between Pharnaciini and Stephanacridini is provided along with distinguishing keys, illustrations and maps showing the distinct geographic distributions. The five genera that belong in Pharnaciini are: Baculonistria gen. nov., Pharnacia Stål, 1877a, Phobaeticus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 (= Baculolonga Hennemann & Conle, 1997a,  = Lobophasma Günther, 1934b syn. nov. , = Nearchus Redtenbacher, 1908 syn. nov. ), Tirachoidea Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893 stat. rev. and Phryganistria Stål, 1875.
Pharnacia annulata Redtenbacher, 1908 and Pharnacia enganensis Redtenbacher, 1908 were misplaced in Pharnacia Stål, 1877 (tribe Pharnaciini) and are transferred to the genus Sadyattes Stål, 1875 (tribe Stephanacridini, comb. nov.). Phobaeticus kuehni Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is removed from Phobaeticus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 (Phasmatinae: Pharnaciini) and shown to belong in Nesiophasma Günther, 1934c (tribe Stephanacridini, comb. nov.). Phobaeticus incertus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 (= Nearchus grubaueri Redtenbacher, 1908 syn. nov.) is unlikely to belong in Pharnaciini and here only retained in the original genus Phobaeticus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 with doubt, it may belong in Nesiophasma Günther, 1934c (tribe Stephanacridini).
Based on a total of almost 700 examined specimens, the Oriental tribe Pharnaciini Günther, 1953 is revised at the species level. The new genus Baculonistria gen. nov. (Type species Baculonistria alba (Chen & He, 1990) comb. nov.), is described to contain three species from Central and Eastern China. Tirachoidea Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893 was erroneously synonymised with Pharnacia Stål, 1877 and is here re-established as a valid genus (stat. rev.). All five genera are re-diagnosed and differentiated, their systematic position within Pharnaciini discussed, and complete synonymic and species-listings as well as distribution maps and determination keys to the insects and eggs are provided.
Detailed descriptions, diagnoses, synonymic listings, illustrations, material listings, distribution maps and measurements are provided for all 40 valid species. The type material of a further two species appears to be lost. Seven new species are described: Pharnacia borneensis spec. nov. from Borneo; Pharnacia palawanica spec. nov. from Palawan, Phobaeticus mucrospinosus spec. nov. from Sumatra, Phobaeticus palawanensis spec. nov. from Palawan, Tirachoidea herberti spec. nov. from Borneo, Tirachoidea siamensis spec. nov. from Thailand and S-Vietnam and Phobaeticus chani Bragg spec. nov. from Borneo. Phobaeticus chani Bragg spec. nov. is the world’s longest known insect with a maximum body length of 357 mm and an overall length of 567 mm in the female.
Twelve new synonymies were discovered: Bactridium grande Rehn, 1920 = Phobaeticus serratipes (Gray, 1835) syn. nov.; Pharnacia rigida Redtenbacher, 1908 = Phobaeticus sumatranus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, syn. nov.; Clitumnus irregularis Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 = Phibalosoma tirachus Westwood, 1859, syn. nov.; Pharnacia magdiwang Lit & Eusebio, 2008 = Pharnacia ponderosa Stål, 1877 syn. nov.; Pharnacia spectabilis Redtenbacher, 1908 = Phibalosoma hypharpax Westwood, 1859, syn. nov.; Pharnacia semilunaris Redtenbacher, 1908 = Eucarcharus inversus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, syn. nov.Pharnacia chiniensis Seow-Choen, 1998c = Pharnacia biceps Redtenbacher, 1908, syn. nov.; Nearchus grubaueri Redtenbacher, 1908 = Phobaeticus incertus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, syn. nov.; Phibalosoma maximum Bates, 1865 = Cladoxerus serratipes Gray, 1835, syn. nov.; Phobaeticus lambirica Seow-Choen, 1998a = Eucarcharus rex Günther, 1928, syn. nov.; Phobaeticus sichuanensis Cai & Liu, 1993 = Baculum album Chen & He, 1990, syn. nov. and Phobaeticus beccarianus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is shown to represent the previously unknown female of Phobaeticus sobrinus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 (syn. nov.)
Lectotypes are designated for: Nearchus redtenbacheri Dohrn, 1910, Pharnacia biceps Redtenbacher, 1908, Pharnacia ingens Redtenbacher, 1908, Pharnacia heros Redtenbacher, 1908, Phibalosoma westwoodi Wood-Mason, 1875, Phobaeticus sinetyi Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, and Phobaeticus sumatranus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907. A neotype is designated for Nearchus maximus Redtenbacher, 1908 and Phobaeticus magnus nom. nov. introduced as a replacement name for Nearchus maximus Redtenbacher, which is a junior homonym of Phibalosoma maximum Bates, 1865.
The previously unknown males of Pharnacia heros Redtenbacher, 1908, Phobaeticus ingens (Redtenbacher, 1908), Tirachoidea jianfenglingensis (Bi, 1994), Pharnacia sumatrana (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907), Phryganistria fruhstorferi (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) and Tirachoidea westwoodii (Wood-Mason, 1875) as well as the females of Pharnacia ponderosa Stål, 1877a and Pharnacia tirachus (Westwood, 1859) are described and illustrated for the first time. A brief description on the basis of colour photos of the so far unknown male of Pharnacia kalag Zompro, 2005 are presented.
Detailed descriptions and illustrations are provided for the eggs of 24 species. The eggs of the following 18 species are described and illustrated for the first time: Pharnacia borneensis spec. nov., Pharnacia palawanica spec. nov., Pharnacia ponderosa Stål, 1877a, Pharnacia sumatrana (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907), Pharnacia tirachus (Westwood, 1859), Phobaeticus hypharpax (Westwood, 1859), Phobaeticus chani Bragg spec. nov., Phobaeticus incertus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Phobaeticus magnus nom. nov., Phobaeticus philippinicus (Hennemann & Conle, 1997a), Phobaeticus sinetyi Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Phryganistria grandis Rehn, 1906, Phryganistria virgea (Westwood, 1848), Tirachoidea biceps (Redtenbacher, 1908), Tirachoidea herberti spec. nov., Tirachoidea jianfenglingensis (Bi, 1994) and Tirachoidea siamensis spec. nov..
Several species were originally placed in or subsequently transferred into wrong genera by various authors. Consequently, numerous taxa are here transferred or re-transferred to other genera, which results in 22 new or revised combinations or status of genera and species (comb. nov. / stat. rev. / stat. nov.). A list of the taxonomic changes made in this revision is provided in the summary (see 9.2), which in all lists 70 nomenclatural changes.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2009): Studies on the genus Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907, with the descriptions of five new species from the Solomon Islands, a revised key to the species and notes on its geographic distribution (Phasmatodea: “Anareolatae”: Phasmatidae s. l.: Stephanacridini).
► Zootaxa, 2011: 1-46.

Abstract:
The genus Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907 (type-species: Taeniosoma sanchezi Bolívar, 1897) is currently known only from the Philippine Islands and Taiwan, but here shown to extend eastwards as far as to the Solomon Islands, Northern New Guinea and even Fiji. A taxonomic review of the genus, and updated keys to the species are presented.
The type-species of Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907, P. sanchezi (Bolívar, 1897) from Luzon, Philippines is shown to have been misinterpreted by previous authors. This has resulted in the description of the here revealed junior synonym Phasmotaenia elongata Zompro & Eusebio, 2000 (n. syn.). A survey of the intraspecific variation of P. sanchezi (Bolívar, 1897) is provided along with illustrations of the holotype. Phasmotaenia australe (Günther, 1933) from the Solomon Islands is removed from synonymy with Phasmotaenia godeffroyi (Redtenbacher, 1908) n. comb. from Micronesia and shown to be a distinct and valid species (rev. stat.). Both species are transferred to Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907. Examination of the paratypes of P. australe (Günther, 1933) has revealed these to represent two different species distinct from the holotype, one of which is described as new herein (P. guentheri n. sp.). The male of P. australe is described and illustrated for the first time, and re-descriptions are presented of the female and egg along with notes on its considerable intraspecific variability. Stephanacris laeviceps Hennemann & Conle, 2006 from New Guinea (Mt. Doorman) and Hermarchus inermis Redtenbacher, 1908 from Fiji are transferred to Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907 (n. comb.). A lectotype is designated for Hermarchus inermis Redtenbacher, 1908.
Five new species from the Solomon Islands are described and illustrated: P. bukaense n. sp. (Buka Id.), P. guentheri n. sp. (Makira Id.), P. salomonense n. sp. (Bougainville Id. & Santa Isbel Id.), P. spinosa n. sp. (Malaita Id.) and P. virgea n. sp. (New Georgia Id.). While the females and eggs of all five species are recognized, the males of P. guentheri n. sp. , P. bukaense n. sp. and P. salomonense n. sp. remain as yet undescribed.
The genus now contains eleven described species and the geographic distribution is shown to extend from Lanyuh Island southeast of Taiwan and the Philippines over Micronesia, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands as far as Fiji in the east. This interesting distributional pattern is briefly discussed under the aspect of biogeography and taking the geology of the concerned regions into account. A modified and extended description of the genus Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907 and differentiation from related genera is provided along with updated keys to the eleven species currently known. Two further so far unnamed species from the Philippines (Luzon) and the Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal) are recognized but not formally described.
 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2010): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea X: redescriptions of Aplopocranidium Zompro, 2004 and Jeremia Redtenbacher, 1908, with a survey of the tribe Cladomorphini Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893 and keys to the genera (Insecta: Phasmatodea: “Anareolatae”: Cladomorphinae).
Journal of Orthoptera Research, 19(1): 101-113.

Abstract:
A taxonomic survey of the anareolate neotropical tribe Cladomorphini Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893 (subfamily Cladomorphinae) is provided, along with a re-description and keys to the seven genera now contained. Two genera previously only known from the females, are re-described and revised at the species level.
The monotypical Aplopocranidium Zompro, 2004 (Type-species: Bacteria waehneri Günther, 1940) was misplaced in Cranidiini Günther, 1953 and is here transferred to the tribe Cladomorphini Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893. It is closely related to Jeremia Redtenbacher, 1908 and Jeremiodes Hennemann & Conle, 2007 but differs from both by the prominent spines of the thorax. The previously unknown male is described and illustrated for the first time and a new extended generic description is provided.
The genus Jeremia Redtenbacher, 1908 (Type-species: Jeremia grossedentata Redtenbacher, 1908) is re-described and a key provided to distinguish the two species contained (J. grossedentata Redtenbacher, 1908 and J. gymnota Günther, 1930). The previously unknown male and eggs are described and illustrated for the first time. Jeremia is closely related to Jeremiodes and Aplopocranidium but differs by the distinct ventral teeth of the mid and hind legs.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2012): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea XIII: the genus Paracalynda Zompro, 2001 with notes on Eusermyleformia Bradler, 2009 (Insecta: Phasmatodea: Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini).
Journal of Orthoptera Research, 21(1): 57-64.

Abstract:
A detailed redescription and review of the north Central American genus Paracalynda Zompro, 2001 is presented, which presently contains only two known species. A re-description is provided for the type-species P. picta (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907), which is only known from the unique male holotype. P. utilaensis (Zompro, 1998) was originally described as a subspecies of P. picta (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) but obviously represents a distinct species, hence it is here raised to species rank (n. stat.). Both species are illustrated and detailed figures show the significant genital morphology of Paracalynda. A detailed study of genital features has proven Paracalynda was previously misplaced in the "Bacteria-group" (tribe Diapheromerini) and as a result the genus is transferred to Eusermyleformia Bradler, 2009. A discussion on Sermyleformia: Eusermyleformia is provided, which includes a list of the seven genera now contained in Eusermyleformia as well as an extended and more comprehensive diagnosis of this supposedly monophyletic rank-free taxon.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H. & CONLE, O.V. (2012): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea XIV: revisions of the Central American genera Hypocyrtus Redtenbacher, 1908 and Rhynchacris Redtenbacher, 1908 (Insecta: Phasmatodea: "Anareolatae": Xerosomatinae: Hesperophasmatini).
Journal of Orthoptera Research, 21(1): 65-89.

Abstract:
The two Central American genera Hypocyrtus Redtenbacher, 1908 and Rhynchacris Redtenbacher, 1908 (Xerosomatinae: Hesperophasmatini) are revised at the süpecies level. Extended redescriptions of both genera are presented along with keys to the species contained. Detailed descriptions and illustrations of all seven known species are provided. Hypocyrtus Redtenbacher, 1908 is here confirmed as a valid genus and now contains three distinct species, all of which are restricted to southern Mexico, Guatemala and Belize. Ocnophila ornatissima Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is removed from Ocnophila Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and transferred to Hypocyrtus (n. comb.). H. postpositus Redtenbacher, 1908 is removed from Lamponius Stål, 1875 and returned to Hypocyrtus (rev. stat.). Two new synonyms are established in Hypocyrtus: Anophelepis vittatus Westwood, 1859 = Anophelepis scythrus Westwood, 1859 (n. syn.) and Hypocyrtus substrumosus Redtenbacher, 1908 = Hypocyrtus postpositus Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). The male and egg of H. ornatissimus (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) and the egg of H. scythrus (Westwood, 1859) are described and illustrated for the first time. Rhynchacris Redtenbacher, 1908 now contains four known species distributed throughout southern Central America (Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama) and northeast Colombia. The monophyletic Pseudoceroys Hebard, 1923 was previously misplaced in Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini: "Clonistria-group" and is here shown to be a synonym of Rhynchacris Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). The type-species P. harroweri Hebard, 1923 automatically becomes a member of Rhynchacris (n. comb.). R. chocoense n. sp. from the Chocó Province is described from the female and is the first record of the genus from Colombia; the holotype is preserved in the Natural History Museum, London (BMNH). Ceroys bigibbus Rehn, 1904 was previously misplaced and is here transferred to Rhynchacris (n. comb.). Hesperophasma lobata Redtenbacher, 1908 is a synonym of the type species Rhynchacris ornata Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). The male of R. ornata Redtenbacher, 1908 is described and illustrated for the first time. Lectotypes are designated for Anophelepis scythrus Westwood, 1859 and Hypocyrtus substrumosus Redtenbacher, 1908.


 

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. H.
CONLE, O. V.
BRÜCKNER, M.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H., CONLE, O.V. & BRÜCKNER, M. (1996): Phaenopharos herwaardeni n. sp.- eine neue Phasmide aus Thailand und die Beschreibung der Eier von Phaenopharos struthioneus (Westwood, 1859) (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae: Necrosciinae).
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 106(4): 153-159.

Abstract:
A new species of Phasmatodea – Phaenopharos herwaardeni n. sp. – from Thailand, is described and illustrated. The eggs of the hitherto single species in the genus, Ph. struthioneus (Westwood, 1859) are described and illustrated for the first time and a lectotype for this species is designated.

 

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H., CONLE, O.V. & BRÜCKNER, M. (1996): Dajaca nigrolineata n. sp. - eine neue Phasmide aus Myanmar (= Burma), mit Bemerkungen zu dem Genus Dajaca Brunner 1893 (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae: Aschiphasmatinae).
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 106(8): 329-336.

Abstract:
A new species of Phasmatodea – Dajaca nigrolineata n. sp. – from Myanmar is described. It is the first non-Bornean representative of the genus Dajaca Brunner, 1893. A review on the genus is given, with a key to its species. The new species differs from D. monilicornis Redtenbacher in the males being completely wingless. It is closely related to D. filiformis Bragg. The eggs of D. monilicornis are described and illustrated for the first time.


  

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. H.
CONLE, O. V.
DELFOSSE, E.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H., CONLE, O.V. & DELFOSSE, E. (2007): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea VI, The genus Cranidium Westwood, 1843 (Phasmatodea, Phasmatidae, Cladomorphinae). 
Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, 112(3): 357-368.

Abstract:
The genus Cranidium Westwood, 1843 (Type-species: Diapherodes (Cranidium) serricollis Westwood, 1843) is re-described. Bacteria clavigera Redtenbacher, 1908 is shown to represent the male of Cranidium gibbosum (Burmeister, 1838) (new synonym). Detailed descriptions and illustrations of both sexes and the eggs as well as a complete synonymic list are provided for Cranidium gibbosum (Burmeister, 1838), which is the only species included in the genus. The synonymization of D.(C.) serricollis Westwood, 1843 with C. gibbosum (Burmeister, 1838) is attributed to Charpentier (1845), not Kirby (1904). Detailed information is provided on the biology, natural habitats, food plants and culturing of C. gibbosum (Burmeister). Lectotypes are designated for Diapherodes (Cranidium) gibbosa Burmeister, 1838 and Bacteria clavigera Redtenbacher, 1908. A brief review is provided of the tribe Cranidiini.

 

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

HENNEMANN, F. H.
CONLE, O. V.
GOTTARDO, M
.
BRESSEEL, J.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H., CONLE, O.V., GOTTARDO, M. & BRESSEEL, J. (2009): On certain species of the genus Phyllium Illiger, 1798, with proposals for an intra-generic systematization and the descriptions of five new species from the Philippines and Palawan (Phasmatodea: Phylliidae: Phylliinae: Phylliini).
Zootaxa, 2322: 1-83.

Abstract:

Thirteen species of Phyllium (Phyllium) Illiger, 1798 are studied and (re)described in detail with emphasis on those species which exhibit more or less well developed alae in the females and those occurring in the Philippine Islands and on Palawan. Amongst these five new species are described and illustrated from both sexes and the eggs: Ph. (Ph.) ericoriai Hennemann, Conle, Gottardo & Bresseel n. sp. from the Philippine Islands of Luzon, Marinduque and Batan, Phyllium philippinicum Hennemann, Conle, Gottardo & Bresseel n. sp. from the Philippine Island of Luzon, Phyllium mindorense Hennemann, Conle, Gottardo & Bresseel n. sp. from the Philippine Island of Mindoro, Phyllium mabantai Bresseel, Hennemann, Conle & Gottardo n. sp. from the Philippine Island of Mindanao and Ph. (Ph.) gantungense Hennemann, Conle, Gottardo & Bresseel n. sp. from Palawan.
Ph. (Ph.) celebicum de Haan, 1842 is re-described with the male and egg described and illustrated for the first time. It is shown to be restricted to Sulawesi and Ambon with all records from continental Asia based on misidentifications mostly relating to Ph. (Ph.) westwoodii Wood-Mason, 1875. All Philippine records of Ph. (Ph.) celebicum de Haan relate to Ph. (Ph.) ericoriai Hennemann, Conle, Gottardo & Bresseel n. sp..
Both sexes and the eggs of Ph. (Ph.) westwoodii Wood-Mason, 1875 are re-described and illustrated and a survey is provided of its intraspecific variability. This species was misinterpreted by most former authors and is here shown to be widely distributed in southern continental Asia having so far been recorded from the Andamans, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Kamputchea, S-China, N-Vietnam, Sumatra and the Riouw Archipelago.
The holotype of Phyllium (Ph.) siccifolium (Linné, 1758) is described in detail for the first time with illustrations provided. This, the type-species of the entire family Phylliidae, is shown to have been misinterpreted by almost all previous authors and the distribution to be in fact restricted to the Moluccas (Ambon, Ceram, Halmahera, Sula Islands and Banggai). Ambon is shown to be most likely the type-locality of Ph. siccifolium. Records from Peninsular Malaysia have proven to relate to Ph. (Ph.) hausleithneri Brock, 1999 and Philippine material erroneously referred to as “Ph. siccifolium” by various authors is Ph. (Ph.) philippinicum Hennemann, Conle, Gottardo & Bresseel n. sp.. Ph. (Ph.) tobeloense Größer, 2007 from Halmahera (Moluccas) is shown to represent a junior synonym of Ph. siccifolium (n. syn.).
Comparison of the Malayan Ph. (Ph.) hausleithneri Brock, 1999 with Malayan specimens previously referred to as „Ph. siccifolium” has revealed these to be the same species which shows considerable variation concerning to the shape of the abdomen in females. Ph. (Ph.) hausleithneri is characteristic for the conspicuous blue interior marking on the meso- and metacoxae. Both sexes and the eggs as well as the remarkable variation of females are illustrated.
Similarly strong variation is recorded and illustrated for females of the Javanese Ph. (Ph.) jacobsoni Rehn & Rehn, 1933. A brief discussion of it’s variability and distribution as well as a summary of the diagnostic features and illustrations of the females and eggs are presented.
The Philippine Ph. (Ph.) bilobatum Gray, 1843 is only known from the unique female holotype and all subsequent records appear to have been based on misidentified material. Subsequent records from Peninsular Malaysia relate to Ph. (Ph.) hausleithneri Brock, 1999 and records from Java have all proven to represent Ph. (Ph.) jacobsoni Rehn & Rehn, 1933.
The male allotype of Ph. (Ph.) woodi Rehn & Rehn, 1933 from the Philippine island of Mindanao is specifically distinct from the female holotype from Sibuyan Island and here designated as a paratype of Ph. (Ph.) mabantai Bresseel, Hennemann, Conle & Gottardo n. sp.. The diagnostic features of Ph. (Ph.) woodi, a species so far only known from the island of Sibuyan, are briefly summarized.
With emphasis on the Philippine fauna, a checklist and keys are provided for the nine species of Phyllium Illiger, 1798 presently known to occur in the Philippine Islands and Palawan.
Critical notes are presented on the current intra-generic systematization of Phyllium Illiger, 1798 along with an extended and more detailed distinction between the two subgenera contained, Phyllium Illiger, 1798 and Pulchriphyllium Griffini, 1898. Based on morphological features of the insects and eggs species-groups are suggested within both subgenus. Phyllium (Phyllium) is proposed to include the siccifolium species-group and celebicum species-group, whereas Phyllium (Pulchriphyllium) subdivides into the bioculatum species-group, schultzei species-group, frondosum species-group and brevipenne species-group. The latter two groups are shown to differ considerably from other members of the subgenus and do not belong in Pulchriphyllium (sensu stricto). Keys are provided for the distinction of the species-groups here proposed.
The celebicum species-group of Phyllium (Phyllium) is discussed in more detail and provisionally contains all those species in which females have developed alae, a fact overlooked for several species by previous authors. Eight species are here attributed to the celebicum species-group and keys are provided to distinguish these.
Five species are transferred from on subgenus to the other. Phyllium drunganum Yang, 1995 and Ph. tibetense Liu, 1993 from S-China are removed from the subgenus Pulchriphyllium and transferred to Phyllium (Phyllium) (n. comb.). Ph. chitoniscoides Größer, 1992 and Ph. frondosum Redtenbacher, 1906 from New Guinea as well as Ph. keyicum Karny, 1914 from they Key-Islands are removed from Phyllium (Phyllium) and transferred to the frondosum species-group of Phyllium (Pulchriphyllium) (n. comb.). Ph. insulanicum Werner, 1922 from the Key Islands is removed from synonymy with the New Guinean Ph. frondosum Redtenbacher, 1906 and synonymised with Ph. keyicum Karny, 1914; differences between Ph. frondosum and Ph. keyicum are presented. The Philippine Phyllium (Phyllium) pusillulum Rehn & Rehn, 1933 is removed from the genus Phyllium Illiger, 1798 and transferred to Microphyllium Zompro, 2001, hence the valid name now is Microphyllium pusillulum (Rehn & Rehn, 1993 n. comb.).
Some taxononomically important features traditionally used for distinguishing the genera and species in the family Phylliidae are critically discussed. The present distinction of Chitoniscus Stål, 1875 and Phyllium Illiger, 1798 is shown to be problematic since research on the length relation of the meso-praescutum (anterior portion of the mesonotum in front of the tegmina) has revealed several species in Phyllium Illiger, 1798 that violate the generic description by having this clearly transverse and actually keying out to Chitoniscus Stål, 1875. The prosternal projection characteristic for Chitoniscus Stål, 1875 is shown to be alsp present in several members of Phyllium Illiger, 1798. Although the entire family Phylliidae was traditionally diagnosed by females having the antennae with nine segment, six species of Phyllium (Phyllium) Illiger, 1798 are here shown to have in fact ten antennomeres. Another interesting fact are the distinctly pectinate ungues (= claws) seen in Ph. (Ph.) gantungense n. sp. which have so far only been known to occur in the Old World areolate family Aschiphasmatidae.

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. H.
CONLE, O. V.
PEREZ-GELABERT, D.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H., CONLE, O.V. & PEREZ-GELABERT, D. (2016): Studies on Neotropical Phasmatodea XVI: Revision of Haplopodini Günther, 1953 (rev. stat.), with notes on the subfamily Cladomorphinae Bradley & Galil, 1977 and the descriptions of a new tribe, four new genera and nine new species (Phasmatodea: "Anareolatae": Phasmatidae: Cladomorphinae).
► Zootaxa, 4128(1): 1-211.

 

Abstract: 

 

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  

HENNEMANN, F. H.
CONLE, O. V.
SEILER, C.

 


HENNEMANN, F.H., CONLE, O.V. & SEILER, C. (1998): Bemerkungen zu Lopaphus caesius (Redtenbacher 1908) nebst Beschreibung der Eier (Phasmatodea: Necrosciinae).
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 108(5): 197-203.

Abstract:
The egg of the phasmatid Lopaphus caesius Redtenbacher, 1908) from Vietnam is described and figured for the first time and a redescription of both sexes of this species is given. Cercophylla sphalera Redtenbacher, 1908 proved to be a synonym of Lopaphus caesius resulting in a new synonym of the monotypic genus Cercophylla Redtenbacher, 1908 with Lopaphus Westwood, 1859. After closer examination of about 2000 eggs it has been found that there are two different types of eggs which are described and figured in this paper. Some notes on the biology and breeding of this species are included.

 

 

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

HENNEMANN, F. H.
CONLE, O. V.
SUZUKI, S.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H., CONLE, O.V. & SUZUKI, S. (2015): A study of the members of the tribe Phasmatini Gray, 1835, that occur within the boundaries of Wallacea (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae: "Lanceocercata".
► Zootaxa, 4008(1): 1-74.

Abstract:

 

The tribe Phasmatini Gray, 1835 predominantly includes very striking stick insects of remarkable size, most of which are characteristic for their large and often colourful wings. The tribe represents roughly half of the Giant Stick Insects of Wallacea, a subregion in Eastern Indonesia comprising thousands of islands that are separated by deep water straits from the continental islands to the west (Sundaland: Borneo, Java and Sumatra) and East (New Guinea). Within Wallacea the Phasmatini are represented by four genera, namely Anchiale Stål, 1875, Eurycnema Audinet-Serville, 1838, Paracyphocrania Redtenbacher, 1908 and Phasma Lichtenstein, 1796. Currently eight distinct species are known to occur in the Wallacea. Two of these are newly described in the present paper , this is Anchiale buruense sp. n. and Paracyphocrania major sp. n..

Keys are provided for the distinction of the Phasmatini taxa of Wallacea and information on the overall distribution of the four genera is presented, which reveals a derivation of the tribe from the Australian region. The tribe Phasmatini itself is briefly characterized and discussed. Brief characterizations of the four genera are provided along with complete lists of the species currently contained.

Anchiale Stål, 1875 is represented in the Wallacea by two species. A. maculata (Olivier, 1792) is widely distributed throughout Wallacea except for Sulawesi and shows considerable intraspecific variability. Both sexes and the eggs are illustrated and the eggs formally described for the first time. The synonymies of A. maculata are clarified. A. stolli Sharp, 1898 and A. confusa Sharp, 1898 from New Britain and the Solomon Islands are shown to be errorneous synonyms of A. maculata and are here re-established as valid species (stat. rev.). A. caesarea Redtenbacher, 1908 is removed from the genus Acrophylla Gray, 1835 and transferred to Anchiale (comb. n.). The new species A. buruense sp. n. from the island of Buru (Maluku Islands) is described and illustrated based on both sexes and the egg.

Eurycnema Audinet-Serville, 1838 has two species within the boundaries of Wallacea. E. nigrospinosa Redtenbacher, 1908 is only known from the Kei Islands in the southeastern portion of Wallacea and otherwise found on New Guinea. Both sexes and the eggs are illustrated. E. versirubra Audinet-Serville, 1838 is found on some of the Lesser Sunda Islands and otherwise distributed throughout Java, Sumatra and SE-Borneo. The records from Java, Sumatra and southeast Borneo are estimated to be artificial. Females of this species are dimorph and occur in two distinct colour morphs, which differ by the distinct colouration of the undersides of the tegmina and alae. E. versirubra colour morph versirubra has two forms, the insects either being bright green or dull yellow with the ventral surfaces of the tegmina and alae bright red. E. versirubra colour morph versifasciata, has the ventral surfaces of the tegmina and alae yellow, the insects themselves being pale bluish green to turquoise in colour. Only the bright green form appears to be natural with the other colour-forms caused by parthenogenetic reproduction in captivity. Both sexes, the eggs and the two aforementioned colour-morphs are illustrated.

Paracyphocrania Redtenbacher, 1908 contains two known species and is endemic to Sulawesi and the nearby island of Peleng. The new species Paracyphocrania major sp. n. from Peleng is described and illustrated based on the female and egg. The male remains as yet unknown. The previously unknown male of P. lativentris Redtenbacher, 1908 is described for the first time. Both sexes and the eggs are illustrated. Vasilissa tecticollis Redtenbacher, 1908 is shown to have been misinterpreted previously, here removed from Paracyphocrania and shown to be a synonym of the Australian Tropidoderus rhodomus McCoy, 1882 (syn. n.). Hence, the type-locality of V. tecticollis originally given as “Philippines” is definitely wrong, which proves the tribe Phasmatini is not represented in the Philippines at all.

Phasma Lichtenstein, 1796 is represented in Wallacea with two distinct species and has one further species on New Guinea. A key is provided to distinguish between the three known species of Phasma. Ph. gigas (Linnaeus, 1758) is widely distributed throughout Wallacea and found on almost all major islands, although the historic records from Sulawesi deserve evaluation. Ph. gigas is most certainly not present on New Guinea, with all New Guinean records actually referring to Ph. reinwardtii (de Haan, 1842). Ph. gigas exhibits remarkable intraspecific variability in the colouration and certain morphological features of the insects, with several of these variations appearing to be peculiar to certain localities and islands. The range of variation as well as both sexes and the eggs are illustrated. Papuanoidea straleni Werner, 1930 from New Guinea has erroneously been synonymised with Ph. gigas and is here shown to be a synonym of Ph. reinwardtii (de Haan, 1842) (syn. n.). The second Wallacean representative of the genus, Ph. marosense Hennemann, 1998, is endemic to Sulawesi. The previously unknown male is described for the first time and both sexes and the eggs are illustrated.

Holotypes of the two newly described species, Anchiale buruense sp. n. and Paracyphocrania major sp. n., are deposited in the State Zoological Collections Munich, Germany (ZSMC).

 

 

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 


HENNEMANN, F. H.
CONLE, O. V.
ZHANG, W. W.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H., CONLE, O.V. & ZHANG, W. W. (2008): Catalogue of the Stick and Leaf-insects (Phasmatodea) of China, with a faunistic analysis and a review of recent ecological and biological studies and bibliography (Insecta: Orthoptera: Phasmatodea).
► Zootaxa, 1735: 3-77.

Abstract:

A complete taxonomic catalogue of the Stick and Leaf-insects (Phasmatodea) recorded or described from the mainland China (excluding Taiwan) is presented. 241 valid species are listed, which are currently attributed to 50 genera, 5 families and 7 subfamilies. Genera and species are listed alphabetically. All available type-data is provided based mainly on literary sources for species described by Chinese workers from 1986 to 2006, including documented depository of type-specimens. The catalogue therefore also provides complete lists of the type-material of Phasmatodea housed in the following Chinese institutions: Administration of Baishuijiang Natural Reserve (ABNR), Beijing Forestry University, Beijing (BFU), China Agricultural University, Beijing (CAU), Geological Museum of China, Beijing (GMC), Inca Science Ltd., Chongqing (INCA), Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (IZCAS), Department of Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin (NKU), Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Shaanxi (NWSUAF), Institute of Zoology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an (SNU), Institute of Entomology, Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), Shanghai Institute of Entomology, Academia Sinica, Shanghai  (SIES), Tianjin Natural History Museum, Tianjin (TJNHM), Zhejiang Museum of Natural History, Hangzhou (ZJMNH). The known distribution of each species, in means of provinces is provided as well. 14 species are shown to have been recorded from China in error, several of these based on misidentifications. The “Phasmatodea-like” fossil taxa described from the the Late Jurassic Yixian Formation of North Hebei and West Liaoning are listed in a separate section.
Two new generic synonyms are recognized: Arthminotus Bi, 1995 synonymised with Lopaphus Westwood, 1859 (n. syn.) and Dianphasma Chen & He, 1997 synonymised with Parasosibia Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). The genus Linocerus Gray, 1835 (Type-species: Linocerus gracilis Gray, 1835) was erroneously synonymised with the mediterranean Bacillus St. Fargeau & Audinet-Serville, 1825 and is here re-established in Phasmatidae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini (rev. stat.). Relationship to Clonaria Stål, 1875 (= Gratidia Stål, 1875, = Paraclonaria Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893), Sceptrophasma Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000 and Macellina Uvarov, 1940 is obvious.
13 species are transferred to other genera (new combinations): Asceles dilatatus Chen & He, 2004 and Asceles quadriguttatus Chen & He, 1996 to Pachyscia Redtenbacher, 1908, Arthminotus sinensis Bi, 1995 to Lopaphus Westwood, 1859, Baculum dolichocercatum Bi & Wang, 1998a and Baculum politum Chen & He, 1997 to Medauroidea Zompro, 1999, Dixippus bilippus Chen & He, 1999, Dixippus hainanensis Chen & He, 2002, Dixippus nigroantennatus Chen & He, 2002, Dixippus parvus Chen & He, 2002 and Entoria bobaiensis Chen, 1986 to Lonchodes Gray, 1835, Sipyloidea obvius Chen & He, 1995 to Sinophasma Günther, 1940, and Gratidia bituberculata Redtenbacher, 1889 and Leptynia xinganensis Chen & He, 1993 to Sceptrophasma Brock & Seow-Choen, 2002. Acrophylla sichuanensis Chen & He, 2001 remains of unknown generic assignment, but is shown to be not a member of the Australian genus Acrophylla Gray, 1835. Furthermore, as Baculum Saussure, 1861 is a neotropical genus and most Old World species previously attributed this genus are now listed in Ramulus Saussure, 1861, all Chinese species described in this genus are consequently transferred to Ramulus Saussure. Other changes of specific placements are based on published literature and concern to the following three synonymies not recognized by Chinese workers: Abrosoma Redtenbacher, 1906 (= Prosceles Uvarov, 1940), Necroscia Audinet-Serville, 1838 (= Aruanoidea Redtenbacher, 1908), Lopaphus Westwood, 1859 (= Paramyronides Redtenbacher, 1908). Megalophasma Bi, 1995 is transferred from Necrosciinae to Lonchodinae.
Four lectotypes are designated and three new specific synonyms revealed. A lectotype is designated for Rhamphophasma modestus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893, the type-species of Rhamphophasma Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893, in order to fix this genus and species. The male paralectotype is shown to be a male of Parapachymorpha  nigra Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893, the type-species of Parapachymorpha Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893. Clitumnus porrectus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is synonymised with Bacillus ? artemis Westwood, 1859 with a lectotype designated for the former (n. syn.). A lectotype is designated for Oxyartes lamellatus Kirby, 1904. Paracentema stephanus Redtenbacher, 1908 is shown to have been erroneously synonymised with Neohirasea japonica (de Haan, 1842) and here synonymised with Neohirasea maerens (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) (n. syn.). In order to fix the new synonymy a lectotype is designated for Paracentema stephanus Redtenbacher, 1908.
Finally, a biogeographic analysis of the Chinese phasmid fauna is presented. This includes brief background information on the topography and biogeography of China along with maps showing the seven zoogeographical subregions currently recognized as well as the 4 municipalities, 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 2 special administrative regions of China. A summary of the taxonomic compilation of the fauna is provided and its relationships with neighbouring regions, of both the Palearctic and Oriental realms, are discussed. A study is presented on the distribution of the taxa and species densities of each province / autonomous region.

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  


HENNEMANN, F. H.
CONLE, O. V.
ZHANG, W.
W.
LIU, Y.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H., CONLE, O.V., ZHANG, W. W. & LIU, Y. (2008): Descriptions of a new genus and three new species of Phasmatodea from Southwest China (Insecta: Orthoptera: Phasmatodea).
► Zootaxa, 1701: 40-62.

 

Abstract:
The genus Parastheneboea Redtenbacher, 1908 is recorded for the first time from the Yunnan Province and Chongqing municipality, China. Two new species are described and illustrated: P. foliculata n. sp. from Yunnan based on the female and eggs, and P. simianshanensis n. sp. from Chongqing based on the male alone. The systematics of Parastheneboea are briefly discussed with a list of species provided.
Andropromachus Carl, 1913 is represented in China by only one species, A. guangxiense (Chen & He, 2000). The genus is briefly discussed and shown to be closely related to Neohirasea Rehn, 1904. An English translation of the original Chinese description of A. guangxiense (Chen & He) is provided.
A re-description, a brief review, comments and a key to the species of Pericentrus Redtenbacher, 1908 are provided. The genus is shown to belong in the subfamily Lonchodinae Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893 and to be related to Menexenus Stål, 1875. Pericentrus appendiculatus Redtenbacher, 1908 is transferred to the genus Trychopeplus Shelford, 1919 (n. comb.) and the type-locality “Central-Java” shown to be wrong. Pericentrus Redtenbacher has so far not been recorded from China but is very likely to be present in South Xizang (= Tibet). 
The new genus Cnipsomorpha n. gen. is described for three highly mountainous species from Yunnan Province, Cnipsus apteris Liu & Cai, 1992, Cnipsus colorantis Chen & He, 1996 and Cnipsomorpha erinacea n. sp., of which the latter is designated as the type-species. All three species are only known from the females. The egg of C. erinacea n. sp. is the only one known from the genus and briefly described and illustrated. The new genus is related to Parapachymorpha Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893, and hence provisionally attributed to Phasmatidae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini. A key is provided to distinguish between the species of Cnipsomorpha n. gen.. English translations of the original Chinese descriptions of Cnipsus apteris Liu & Cai, 1992 and Cnipsus colorantis Chen & He, 1996 are presented.
Type-specimens of new taxa are deposited in IZCAS, INCA and the collections of the authors.

 

  

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  


HENNEMANN, F. H.
GEHLER, A. S.
CONLE, O. V.

 

 


HENNEMANN, F.H., GEHLER, A.S. & CONLE, O.V. (1995): Parapachymorpha quadrispinosa n. sp. ausThailand, mit einer taxonomischen Revision der Gattung und der Erstbeschreibung des Männchens von Parapachymorpha spinosa Brunner (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae: Pachymorphinae).    
Entomologische Zeitschrift, 105(19): 386-394.

Abstract:
Parapachymorpha quadrispinosa n. sp. is described and figured in the female sex. The male is still unknown. The hitherto undescribed male of Parapachymorpha spinosa Brunner, 1906 is described and figured and a taxonomic review of the genus Parapachymorpha Brunner, 1893 is given.

 

 

HENNEMANN, F.H., GEHLER, A.S. & CONLE, O.V. (1995): Katalog des im Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart vorhandenen Typusmaterials der Insektenordnung Phasmatodea.
► Entomologische Zeitschrift, 105(21): 435-439.

Abstract:
A catalogue is provided of the type material of Phasmatodea (24 species) deposited in the Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart. All data for the material concerned are given along with taxonomic and relevant comments.

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

BROCK, P. D.
HENNEMANN, F. H.
MORGAN, B.

 


BROCK, P.D., HENNEMANN, F.H. & MORGAN, B. (2009):
Acanthomenexenus Brock & Hennemann, a new genus of stick insect, following discovery of the stunning male of Menexenus polyacanthus Dohrn, 1910 from Sangihe (Phasmida: Diapheromeridae: Lonchodinae).
Le bulletin d´Arthropoda, 36(2): 3-15.

Abstract:

Variation in the female of Menexenus polycanthus Dohrn, 1910 (Diapheromeridae: Lonchodinae) from Sangihe is commented on, and the egg and spectacular male are described and illustrated for the first time. This has resulted in transfer to a new genus, Acanthomenexenus, where it is proposed that several former Menexenus species from Sulawesi belong.


 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  

 

ZOMPRO, O.
HENNEMANN, F. H.

 


ZOMPRO, O. & HENNEMANN, F. H. (2001):
A new species of Autolyca Stål, 1875, from El Salvador (Insecta: Phasmatodea: Pseudophasmatidae; Anisomorphini).
► Nachrichten des entomologischen Vereins Apollo, N. F., 22(3): 175-176.

Abstract:
A new species of Phasmatodea, Autolyca daemonia sp. n. is described from El Salvador. It is closely related to the type-species Autolyca pallidicornis Stål, 1875, but differs in its annulated antennae and the comparably shorter legs. The holotype male is housed in the Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg, Frankfurt am Main (SMF-no. Phas-8).

 

 

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 


Synopsis of species and genera described by

Frank H. Hennemann & Oskar V. Conle

 

 

This is a full list of all new taxa that were described by Oskar Conle and Frank Hennemann since 1995.

 

 

Tribes (4)
 

Gigantophasmatini HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2008

Medaurini HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2008

Neohiraseini HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2008

Pterinoxylini HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016

 

 


Genera (29)
 

Acanthomenexenus BROCK & HENNEMANN, 2009

Apteroplopus HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016

Atratomorpha CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002

Baculolonga HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1997

Baculonistria HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2008

Cephaloplopus HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016

Cnipsomorpha HENNEMANN, CONLE, ZHANG & LIU, 2008

Columbiophasma CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002

Glawiana HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2004

Hennobrimus CONLE, 2006

Jeremiodes HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007 

Laciniobethra CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011

Ladakhomorpha HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1999

Lonchodiodes HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007

Lobolibethra HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007

Macrophasma HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2006

Matutumetes HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007

Monticomorpha CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002

Nanolibethra CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011

Ornatomorpha CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011

Papuacocelus HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2006

Paraceroys CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011

Paractenomorpha HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2003

Paraprisomera HENNEMANN, 2002 

Parhaplopus HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016

Peruphasma CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002 

Symetriophasma HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1996

Tainophasma CONLE, HENNEMANN & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2014

Venupherodes HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016

 

 


Species (178)

 

Acacus braggi HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2003          [> NW-Sarawak: Mount Serapi]

Acanthoclonia dilatatum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Huila & Cauca]

Acanthoclonia ferox CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Meta]

Acanthoclonia nevadoense CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Cauca]

Acanthoclonia ornatum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia, Caldas & Quindío]

Achrioptera gracilis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2004          [> Central Madagaskar: Mount Ivohibe]

Achrioptera magnifica HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2004          [> Central Madagaskar: Fianarantsoa]

Anchiale buruense HENNEMANN, CONLE & SUZUKI, 2015       [> Indonesia: Maluku Islands, Buru]

Anisomorpha clara CONLE, HENNEMANN & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2006       [> Hispaniola: Dominican Republic, La Vega Prov.]

Atratomorpha bispinosa CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Boyacá]

Atratomorpha colombiana CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011         [> Colombia: Huila]

Atratomorpha descampsi CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Putumayo]

Atratomorpha exigua CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Tolima]

Atratomorpha fusca CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Nariño]

Atratomorpha huilaense CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Huila]

Atratomorpha longipes CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Arauca]

Atratomorpha rufolineata CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Huila]

Atratomorpha similia CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Santander & Meta]

Autolyca daemonia ZOMPRO & HENNEMANN, 2001         [> El Salvador]

Autolyca herculeana CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002          [> El Salvador: San Salvador]

Autolyca punctata CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002         [> El Salvador: San Jacintho]

Baculolonga philippinica HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1997         [> Philippines: Mindoro Id.]

Calynda armata CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Cephaloplopus alope HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016        [> Cuba: Camagüey & Cangrejeras]

Cephaloplopus euchlorus HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016        [> Dominican Republic]

Cephaloplopus laetus HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016        [> Dominican Republic: Azua Prov.]

Cephaloplopus pulchellus HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016        [> Dominican Republic]

Ceroys (Ceroys) brevicornis CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Valle del Cauca]

Cnipsomorpha erinacea HENNEMANN, CONLE, ZHANG & LIU, 2008        [> S-China: Yunnan Province]

Creoxylus auritus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Creoxylus biaculeatus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Creoxylus cristatus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Norte de SAntander]

Dajaca nigrolineata HENNEMANN, CONLE & BRÜCKNER, 1996       [> S-Myanmar: Tenasserim]

Damasippus alejandria CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Decidia kneubuehleri CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Boyacá]

Decidia magnifica CONLE, HENNEMANN, RAMIREZ-MORA & QUIRÓZ, 2009        [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Decidia microptera CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Dyme spinicollis CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Putumayo]

Dyme tenaense CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Amazonas]

Euphasma ornatum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Antioquia & Caldas]

Gargantuoidea matangensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2003         [> NW-Sarawak: Matang]

Glawiana glawi HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2004          [> SW-Madagascar: Tuléar]

Globocrania regina CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Costa Atlántica & Caldas]

Haplopus brachypterus HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016        [> Dominican Republic]

Haplopus intermedius HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016        [> Dominican Republic]

Haplopus sobrinus HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016        [> Cuba: Isla de Turiguanó]

Haplopus woodruffi HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016        [> Cayman Islands: Cayman Brac]

Hennobrimus hennemanni CONLE, 2006         [> Philippines: Mindanao Id. & Leyte Id.]

Hirtuleius granuliceps CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Cundinamarca & Amazonas]

Holca striata CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Ignacia spinipes CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Chocó]

Jeremiodes bolivianus HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007          [> Bolivia: Chapare Province]

Jeremiodes colombianus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Caldas & Chocó]

Jeremiodes guianensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007          [> French Guiana: Saûl]

Laciniobethra aculeata CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Caldas, Tolima & Risaralda]

Laciniobethra decorata CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Laciniobethra foliata CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Cauca]

Laciniobethra modesta CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Ladakhomorpha longipes HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1999        [> N-India: Kashmir Province, Ladakh]

Libethra armata CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Libethra chocoense CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Chocó]

Libethra gallegoi CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Libethra huilaense CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Huila]

Libethra madrigali CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Cauca]

Libethra nigripes CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Caldas]

Libethra pumila CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Libethra santandera CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Santander]

Libethroidea acuta CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Caldas]

Libethroidea tenuis CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Antioquia, Caldas & Quindío]

Lobolibethra boliviana HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007         [> Bolivia: Chapare Province]

Lobolibethra mutica HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007        [> N-Peru]

Lobolibethra panguana HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007        [> Peru: Dep. Huanuco, Panguana]

Lonchodes philippinicus HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007       [> Philippines: Panay Id.]

Lonchodiodes atrovirens HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007        [> Philippines: Mindoro Id.]

Lonchodiodes babuyanensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007        [> Philippines: Babuyan Ids.]

Lonchodiodes eurycanthoides HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007        [> Philippines: Mindoro Id.]

Lonchodiodes grandis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007         [> Philippines: Panay Id.]

Lonchodiodes samarensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007        [> Philippines: Samar Id.]

Lopaphus srilankensis HENNEMANN, 2002         [> Northern Sri Lanka: Anuradhapura]

Malacomorpha bastardoae CONLE, HENNEMANN & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2008       [> Hispaniola: Dominican Republic, Pedernales Prov.]

Malacomorpha hispaniola CONLE, HENNEMANN & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2008      [> Hispaniola: Haiti, Furcy & Dominican Republic]

Malacomorpha minima CONLE, HENNEMANN & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2008       [> Hispaniola: Haiti, Dep. Sud-Oueste]

Malacomorpha multipunctata CONLE, HENNEMANN & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2008    [> Hispaniola: Dom. Republic, Independencia Prov.]

Malacomorpha sanchezi CONLE, HENNEMANN & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2008       [> Puerto Rico]

Malacomorpha macaya CONLE, HENNEMANN & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2008       [> Hispaniola: Haiti, Camino a Pic le Ciele]

Malacomorpha obscura CONLE, HENNEMANN & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2008       [> Hispaniola: Dominican Republic]

Manduria halconensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1997         [> Philippines: Mindoro Id.]

Matutumetes amoenus HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007         [> Philippines: Mindanao Id., Mount Matutum]

Matutumetes mindanaensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007        [> Philippines: Mindanao Id., Mount Matutum]

Melophasma brachypterum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Santander]

Melophasma colombianum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Mirophasma erinaceum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Mithrenes mindorensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007        [> Philippines: Mindoro Id.]

Mithrenes panayensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007         [> Philippines: Panay Id.]

Monticomorpha bispinosa CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002        [> N-Peru: Cajamarca]

Monticomorpha boyaca CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011         [> Colombia: Boyacá]

Monticomorpha marshallae CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002        [> Central Ecuador: Azuay Province, El Cajas NP]

Nescicroa (?) albilateralis HENNEMANN, 1997         [> S-Sulawesi: Tana Toraja]

Nescicroa nigra HENNEMANN, 1997          [> S-Sulawesi: Tana Toraja]

Nesiophasma zanus HENNEMANN, 1998          [> New Guinea]

Ocnophiloidea dillerorum HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007        [> Peru: Dep. Huanuco, Panguana]

Olcyphides rabaeyae CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Chocó]

Oreophoetes topoense CONLE, HENNEMANN, KAECH & KNEUBUEHLER 2009          [> Ecuador: Rio Topo]

Ornatomorpha laciniatum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Antioquia & Caldas]

Ornatomorpha risaralda CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Risaralda]

Ornatomorpha tuberculatum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Papuacocelus papuanus HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007         [> Papua New Guinea: Morobe Province]

Paractenomorpha baehri HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2004          [> South Australia: Iron Knob]

Paracyphocrania major HENNEMANN, CONLE & SUZUKI, 2015       [> Indonesia: Peleng Id.]

Parapachymorpha quadrispinosa HENNEMANN, GEHLER & CONLE, 1995         [> Vietnam]

Parasipyloidea seiferti HENNEMANN, 2002         [> Central Sri Lanka: Nuwara Elija]

Parastheneboea foliculata HENNEMANN, CONLE, ZHANG & LIU, 2008        [> S-China: Yunnan Province, Gongshan County]

Parastheneboea simianshanensis HENNEMANN, CONLE, ZHANG & LIU, 2008      [> S-China: Chongqing, Mount Simianshan]

Parhaplopus navarroi HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016        [> Dominican Republic]

Parobrimus cervicollis CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Huila]

Parobrimus dicranocollis CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011               [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Parobrimus monstrosus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011     [> Colombia: Caldas, Cauca & Risaralda]

Periphetes quezonicus HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007         [> Philippines: Luzon Id.]

Peruphasma anakena CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002         [> Easter Island: Anakena]

Peruphasma nigra CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002         [> Bolivia: Yungas de Palmar]

Peruphasma schultei CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2005          [> N-Peru: Cordillera del Condor]

Phaenopharos herwaardeni HENNEMANN, GEHLER & CONLE, 1996       [> Thailand: Khao Yai NP]

Phanocles cassicephalus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Antioquia & Caldas]

Phanocles costaricensis HENNEMANN, 2002          [> Costa Rica: Monteverde]

Phanocles dilatipes CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Putumayo]

Phanocles lobulatus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Phanocles undulatus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Putumayo]

Phanoclocrania speciosa CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Huila]

Phanocloidea globocephala CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Boyacá]

Phanocloidea laevigata CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Guianía]

Phanocloidea lanceolata CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Antioquia & Caldas]

Phanocloidea sagitta CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011     [> Colombia: Santander]

Phasmotaenia bukaense HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2009       [> Solomon Islands: Buka Id.]

Phasmotaenia guentheri HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2009       [> Solomon Islands: San Cristobal Id.]

Phasmotaenia salomonense HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2009       [> Solomon Islands: Santa Isbel Id. & Bougainville Id.]

Phasmotaenia spinosa HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2009       [> Solomon Islands: Malaita Id.]

Phasmotaenia virgea HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2009       [> Solomon Islands: Munda Id.]

Pharnacia borneensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2008        [> N-Borneo]

Pharnacia palawanica HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2008        [> Palawan: Brookes Point]

Phasma marosensis HENNEMANN, 1997         [> S-Sulawesi: Lembang, Maros]

Phobaeticus heusii HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1997          [> N-Vietnam: Ninh Binh Prov., Cuc Phuong]

Phobaeticus magnus HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2007  (Replacement name for Nearchus maximus REDTENBACHER, 1908)

Phobaeticus mucrospinosus HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2008        [> W-Sumatra: Solok]

Phobaeticus palawanensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2008        [> Palawan: Salakot Pass]

Phyllium (Phyllium) ericoriai HENNEMANN, CONLE, GOTTARDO & BRESSEEL, 2009       [> Philippines: Luzon, Marinduque & Batan]

Phyllium (Phyllium) gantungense HENNEMANN, CONLE, GOTTARDO & BRESSEEL, 2009      [> Palawan: Mount Gantung]

Phyllium (Phyllium) mabantai BRESSEEL, HENNEMANN, CONLE & GOTTARDO, 2009       [> Philippines: Mindanao]

Phyllium (Phyllium) mindorense HENNEMANN, CONLE, GOTTARDO & BRESSEEL, 2009      [> Philippines: Mindoro]

Phyllium (Phyllium) philippinicum HENNEMANN, CONLE, GOTTARDO & BRESSEEL, 2009      [> Philippines: Luzon]

Prisopus bifidus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Cundinamarca & Valle del Cauca]

Prisopus nanus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Antioquia]

Pseudosermyle chorreadero CONLE, HENNEMANN & FONTANA, 2007       [> Mexico: Chiapas]

Pseudosermyle claviger CONLE, HENNEMANN & FONTANA, 2007       [> Mexico: Tuxtla]

Pseudosermyle procera CONLE, HENNEMANN & FONTANA, 2007       [> Mexico: Tuxtla]

Pseudophasma amazonicum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Amazonas & Putumayo]

Pseudophasma colombianum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011       [> Colombia: Magdalena]

Pseudophasma glaber CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011     [> Colombia: Boyacá]

Pseudophasma gracile CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011     [> Colombia: Putumayo]

Pseudophasma lakini CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2012      [> Ecuador: Napo]

Pseudophasma micropterum CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Cundinamarca]

Pterolibethra laeta CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011             [> Colombia: Meta]

Ramulus braggi HENNEMANN, 2002   (Replacement name for Clitumnus humberti CARL, 1913)

Rhynchacris chocoense HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2012      [> Colombia: Chocó]

Spinopeplus cuspidatus CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Huila]

Stephanacris draconius HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2006       [> Papua New Guinea: Morobe Prov. & Eastern Highland Prov., Okapa]

Stephanacris laeviceps HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2006        [> Papua New Guinea: Doorman Mountains]

Stephanacris multilobatus HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2006       [> West Papua: Tembagapura]

Symetriophasma brevitarsa HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1996       [> West Papua: Wamena Pass]

Tainophasma monticola CONLE, HENNEMANN & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2014       [> Hispaniola, Dominican Rep., La Vega Prov.]

Thaumatobactron granulosa HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1997       [> Papua New Guinea: Morobe Province, Watut]

Thaumatobactron guentheri HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1997       [> Papua New Guinea: Morobe Province, Aseki]

Thaumatobactron harmani HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1998       [> Papua New Guinea: Morobe Province, Mt. Kaindi]

Thaumatobactron spinosissima HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1998       [> Papua New Guinea: Morobe Province, Mt. Kaindi]

Thaumatobactron unicolor HENNEMANN & CONLE, 1998       [> Papua New Guinea: Morobe Province]

Theramenes exiguus HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2003        [> Philippines: Panay Id.]

Tirachoidea herberti HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2008        [> Brunei: Badas]

Tirachoidea siamensis HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2008        [> Thailand]

Trachyaretaon brueckneri HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2006       [> Philippines: Babuyan Islands, Calayan]

Xera magdalenae CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011      [> Colombia: Magdalena]

Xera tenaense CONLE, HENNEMANN & GUTIERRÉZ, 2011        [> Colombia: Cundinamarca]

 

 


Subspecies (7)


Achrioptera punctipes cliquennoisi HENNEMANN & CONLE, 2004        [> NE-Madagascar: Ambodiriana]

Hermagoras foliopeda celebensis HENNEMANN, 1997        [> S-Sulawesi: Luwu & Lembang, Maros]

Diapherodes gigantea saintluciae HENNEMANN, CONLE & PEREZ-GELABERT, 2016     [> Saint Lucia]

Lopaphus srilankensis montanus HENNEMANN, 2002         [> Central Sri Lanka: Nuwara Elija]

Neophasma rugosa flavolineata CONLE & HENNEMANN, 2002      [> Bolivia: San Antonio]

Nescicroa heinrichi rufescens HENNEMANN, 1997         [> S-Sulawesi: Luwu, Palopo]

Pseudostheneboea aberrans emiri HENNEMANN, 1997        [> S-Sulawesi: Tana Toraja]