Phyllium jacobsoni     (Nongkodjadjar, East-Java)
(by Bruno Kneubuehler)

SuperfamilyPhyllioideaBrunner v. Wattenwil, 1893
FamilyPhylliidae Brunner v. Wattenwil, 1893
TribePhylliiniBrunner v. Wattenwil, 1893
GenusPhylliumIlliger, 1798
SubgenusPhylliumIlliger, 1798
SpeciesPhyllium (Phyllium) jacobsoniRehn & Rehn, 1934


General Notes

  • 2008 - first successfull culture of this species in Europe by Thorsten Thron



  • the Phyllium jacobsoni culture stock from Thorsten Thron origins from the area of Nongkodjadjar (Nongkejajar ). This small village is situated in the mountains, about 20 km east of Malang in East-Java (Jawa Timur)



  • about 7 to 7,5 cm long
  • some specimens have dark brown "eye spot" on the dorsal abdominal side, while others do not have these spots



  • about 5 cm long
  • some specimens have dark brown "eye spot" on the dorsal abdominal side, while others do not have these spots



  • about 3 x 2 mm (when freshly laid)
  • as soon as the eggs were in contact with water, they become strongly fringed
  • light brown


Food Plants

  • nymphs and adults accept easily bramble (Rubus sp.)


Breeding Notes

  • an easy to breed species
  • incubation of the eggs on damp (not too wet) sand, with springtails to reduce mould growth
  • incubation time at room temperatures (20-23°C) is about 4 months
  • eggs of this species are very prone to get mouldy, and it is difficult to avoid this. Yet a thin mould layer does not affect the hatching ratio negatively
  • hatching ratio of my first generation was more than 70%
  • keep the nymphs in a cage with good ventilation and still high humidity, a constantly wet paper towel on the cage helps raising humidity
  • nymphs and adults can be kept in a Faunabox (or similar cage), according to their size
  • a ventilator in my phasmid room provides several times per day an air circulation and the cages are illuminated with strong light bulbs (HID)
  • move nymphs to a bigger cage as they grow bigger
  • I have never sprayed nymphs or adults with water
  • male will be adult after about 3,5 months (at room temperatures), females after about 4 months
  • females start to lay eggs after about 2 weeks, about 10 eggs per week
  • eggs are just dropped to the ground



  • Phasmida Species Files  (


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