Phyllium chrisangi "Singapore"
(by Bruno Kneubuehler)


General Informations

  • this culture is also know as Phyllium sp. "Singapore"
  • provenience: Singapore
  • found and first CB culture by Francis Seow-Choen, described by Francis Seow-Choen (2017
  • F2 CB culture by Thierry Heitzmann (Philippines)
  • Edwin Telnov (Latvia) found a subadult female in August 2017 in Singapore (costal rainforest / mangrove area) on Sea Hibiscus (Talipariti tiliaceum) : 1°26'43"N, 103°43'59"E
  • further taxonomical informations ➤ phasmida.speciesfile.org
  • this is a pure culture, and serious breeders are asked to avoid mixing this culture with similar populations from a different provenience

Females

  • body length 8 - 9 cm
  • green with dark brown dots and patches
  • rather long hind-wings, compared to other Phyllium (Phyllium) species

Males

  • body length 7 cm
  • rather big
  • green
     

Nymphs

  • freshly hatched nymphs are dark brown with light greenish dots on the abdomen
  • 14 mm
  • on how to distinguish between male and female nymphs

Eggs

  • 6 x 4 mm
  • brown
  • suface looks furry

Food Plants

  • not all freshly hatched nymphs take to bramble (Rubus spp.) easily
  • if freshly hatched nymphs refuse to feed on bramble at first, then offer them strawberry leaves
  • once they feed well on strawberry leaves for about two weeks, you can change them to bramble
  • bramble (Rubus spp.)
    moderately well accepted by freshly hatched nymphs, well accepted by older nymphs and adults
  • natural food plant might be Sea Hibiscus (Talipariti tiliaceum)     (info by Dmitry Telnov, Latvia)
  • Mango (Mangifera indica) and oak (Quercus rubra) is also accepted     (info by Dmitry Telnov, Latvia)

Breeding, Behaviour

  • active mainly during the night, although one can also regularely see them feeding during the day
  • both males and females quickly drop to the ground when being touched, usually they freeze up again after a few steps
  • eggs just drop to the ground
  • about 8 - 10 eggs per female and week
  • incubation (damp vermiculite) about 3 - 4 months at 20 - 23 °C
  • males will be adult after 5 - 6 months (at 20 - 24°C), females after 6 - 7 months
  • as eggs of other Phyllium species, these eggs are also quite prone to get mouldy, and it is difficult to avoid this. Yet a thin mould layer does not affect the hatching ratio negatively
  • nymphs hatch at day time, in the early morning hours
  • a humidity of about 60 - 70 % seems to be good enough for the nymphs, keep them in an airy cage
  • the Free-Standing-Setup is very much recommened for small nymphs
  • keep the adults (especially the males) in arather humid cage (about 80% RH)
  • one can spray them regularly with chlorine-free water, but allow the water to dry up before spraying again
  • easy to breed

Basics of phasmids breeding

  • keep only one species per cage, overpopulation is one of the main reasons for breeding failures
  • keep nymphs seperate from the adults, mainly to protect them during the crucial moulting phases
  • choose the cage big enough, when in doubt it is (usually) better to choose a cage too big than too small
  • a ventilator often supports good breeding results, as it seems to increase activity and feeding
  • provide enough light, but avoid direct sunlight (overheating)
  • try to keep day time temperatures below 25°C
  • a nocturnal fall of temperature is natural, and thus advantageous
  • do not spray too much, phasmids are no fish ! The water should dry up before you spray again
  • minimize disturbances (loud music, commotions, light at or during the night, opening up cages in the morning [often a moulting phase] ect.)

Useful informations

detailed infos on how to breed phasmids
www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/199

infos on newly cultured phasmid species
https://www.facebook.com/phasmatodea

Online Culture List
www.ulft-ict.nl/phasma/kweeklijst/

PSG list
www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/psg

how to recognize the difference between male / female nymphs
www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/tips-and-tricks

eggs for breeding
http://www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/222

 

 

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