Pseudophasma esmeraldas
(by Bruno Kneubuehler)
 

OrderPhasmatodea
 
SuborderVerophasmatodea 
InfraorderAreolatae 
SuperfamilyPseudophasmatodiea Rehn, 1904
FamilyPseudophasmatidaeRehn, 1904
SubfamilyPseudophasmatinaeRehn, 1904
TribePseudophasmatiniKirby, 1904
GenusPseudophasmaKirby, 1896
SpeciesPseudophasma esmeraldasHebard, 1924


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General Informations

  • 2008 - first successful culture of this species by Bruno Kneubühler

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Origin

  • Horst Kaech collected this species in December 2007 in Durango (Esmeralds, Ecuador)

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Female

  • about 7 cm
  • the membranous part of the hind wings (anal area) is bright orange in colour and visible when they fly
  • they can fly easily

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Males

  • about 5,5 cm
  • the membranous part of the hind wings (anal area) is bright orange in colour too and visible when they fly
  • they are good flyers - so watch open windows when changing food plants

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Eggs

  • about 2x 1,5 mm
  • grey or brown

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Food Plants

  • nymphs feed nicely on Privet (Ligustrum sp.) and Lonicera nitida (a common ground covering plants in gardens, winter green)
  • adults like Privet (Ligustrum sp.) and they adore Plaintains (Plantago sp.)

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Breeding Notes

  • an easy to breed species
  • incubation of the eggs on damp (not too wet) sand, with springtails to reduce mould growth
  • incubation time at room temperatures (20-23°C) is about 4 months
  • hatching ratio of my first and second generation was about 80%
  • nymphs and adults can be kept in a Faunabox (or similar cage)
  • keep this species in a cage with good ventilation and still high humidity
  • a constantly wet paper towel on the cage helps raising humidity
  • I have never sprayed nymphs or adults with water
  • neither nymphs nor adults can climb  or hold on to smooth surfaces (glass, plastic, even leaves)
  • therefore it is nesessary that at least one side and the ceiling of the cage is covered with fly-netting (best to use fly-netting made from plastic). Such fly-netting can be attached to the cage easily with hot glue. And it will allow the insects to climb and have a good grip, which will especially be important during moulting
  • male will be adult after about 3 months, females after about 4 months
  • females start to lay eggs after about 2 weeks
  • eggs are just dropped to the ground

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References

  • Phasmida Species Files  (www.phasmida.orthoptera.org)
     

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