Phasmid Study Group Culture List


In this illustrated PSG culture-list additional information is provided on the preferred breeding conditions, precise localities and origins of the culture-stocks. For viewing photos of a certain species simply click on the scientific name.

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PSG No. scientific name
author, year
family,
sub family,
tribe
origin rep. length male (mm) length female (mm) foodplants status culture -
comment
1 Carausius morosus
(Sinéty, 1901)
Phasmatidae (s.l.),
Lonchodinae,
Lonchodini
IndiaPS45-6070-95Privet, Ivy, Hawthorn, Pyracantha, Bramble, RoseC

Carausius morosus

STOCK 1: India, Palni Hills 6000-7000ft., 1898-1911 Further stocks imported from India on several occasions.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating
2 Pseudodiacantha macklottii
(de Haan, 1842)
Diapheromeridae,
Necrosciinae,
-
JavaS45-5065-75Rhododendron, Bramble, HypericumC

Pseudodiacantha macklottii

STOCK 1: Java, imported by London Zoo in 1946
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	Very high humidity / spray regularly	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
3 Bacillus rossius
(Rossi, 1788)
Bacillidae,
Bacillinae,
Bacillini
Europe P52-7960-100Bramble, RoseC

Bacillus rossius

STOCK 1: Corsica, since 1970's [sexual]. STOCK 2: Northern France, Boulogne, coll. Stan Pack, early 1980's [parthenogenetic]. STOCK 3: Southern France, via M. Cooper, early 1980's [parthenogenetic]. STOCK 4: Sardinia, Giara de Gesturi, leg. Paul D. Brock IV.1982 [sexual]. STOCK 5: Yugoslavia, Lanterna, near Porec, leg. by P. D. Brock VI.1983 [parthenogenetic]. STOCK 6: Italy, near Pisa, leg. Martin Brueckner VIII.1993 [parthenogenetic]. STOCK 7: Northern Italia, Genova, Via Vesuvio 205 m "on bramble", leg. Frank Hennemann & Oskar Conle IX.1998 [parthenogenetic]. STOCK 8: Sardinia, Aritzo 350 m, 2003 [sexual].
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Moderate to cool temperatures (< 25°C)	High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating
4 Sipyloidea sipylus
(Westwood, 1859)
Diapheromeridae,
Necrosciinae,
-
Madaga.P4575-90Bramble, Hawthorn, RoseC

Sipyloidea sipylus

STOCK 1: Madagascar [parthenogenetic]. STOCK 2: Sumatra, Lake Toba, Saribudolok, leg. Bernd Keiler VII.1992 [sexual]. STOCK 3: Thailand, Nakhon Ratchasima Region, leg. Ingo Fritzsche IX.1997-I.1998 [parthenogenetic]. STOCK 4: Northern Vietnam, Ninh Binh Province, Cuc Phuong, via nature reserve project, imported by Peter Heusi 1998 [parthenogenetic].
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating
5 Medauroidea extradentata
(Brunner v. W., 1907)
Phasmatidae (s.l.),
Clitumninae,
Medaurini
VietnamPS65-7585-105Bramble, Hawthorn, Oak, RoseC

Medauroidea extradentata

STOCK 1: Vietnam (unknown locality), in culture since 1950's
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating
6 Acanthoxyla prasina
(Westwood, 1859)
Phasmatidae,
Phasmatinae,
Acanthoxylini
New ZealandP-80-90Eucalyptus, Rose, Bramble, HypericumC

Acanthoxyla prasina

STOCK 1: New Zealand, Wellingon area, leg. R. H. Moore, on several occassions between 1970-2000 [parthenogenetic]
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Moderate to cool temperatures (< 25°C)	Very high humidity / spray regularly	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
7 Clitarchus hookeri
(White, 1846)
Phasmatidae,
Phasmatinae,
Acanthoxylini
New Zealand & UKPS67-7475-100Bramble, Eucalyptus, GuavaL

Clitarchus hookeri

STOCK 1: New Zealand, Wellington area, leg. R. H. Moore, collected on several occasions between 1970 and 2000
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Moderate to cool temperatures (< 25°C)	Very high humidity / spray regularly	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
8 Bactrododema tiaratum
(Stål, 1858)
Diapheromeridae,
Palophinae,
-
ZimbabweS110-130125-185Acacia ?L

Bactrododema tiaratum

STOCK 1: Zimbabwe. Eggs were sent by Dr. Elliott Pinhey in the late 1960's to the Insect House of London Zoo but culture was stolen.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	large: height > 80 cm	climate: High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
9 Extatosoma tiaratum tiaratum
(MacLeay, 1826)
Phasmatidae,
Extatosomatinae,
-
AustraliaPS80-9095-140Bramble, Eucalyptus, Hawthorn,Oak, Pyracantha, RoseC

Extatosoma tiaratum tiaratum

STOCK 1: N-Australia, Queensland, imported from local insect-dealers on several occasions since the 1960's [some cultures parthenogenetic]. STOCK 2: E-Australia, Brisbane area, leg. 2000.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
10 Phyllium bioculatum var. pulchrifolium
(Gray, 1832)
Phylliidae,
Phylliinae,
Phylliini
JavaS55-6080-90Oak, Guava, Bramble, SalalC

Phyllium bioculatum var. pulchrifolium

STOCK 1: W-Java, Bogor [= Buitenzorg], frequently imported from local insect-dealers since the 1970's.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
11 Cladomorphus phyllinus
(Gray, 1835)
Phasmatidae,
Cladomorphinae,
Cladomorphini
BrazilS130-155170-230Bramble, OakL

Cladomorphus phyllinus

STOCK 1: Brazil, near Rio de Janeiro, eggs were sent to Judith Marshall by Dr. L. Otero in 1967. STOCK 2: Brazil, unknown locality, eggs imported by Christoph Seiler & Rainer Koch in 1999. STOCK 3: Brazil, Bahia, eggs were sent to several European breeders in 2006.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	large: height > 80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	Very high humidity / spray regularly	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
12 Anisomorpha buprestoides
(Stoll, 1813)
Pseudophasmatidae,
Pseudophasmatinae,
Anisomorphini
U.S.A.S35-4555-75Bramble, Rhododendron, Privet, OakC

Anisomorpha buprestoides

STOCK 1: U.S.A., Florida, unknown locality, imported in the 1970's [white colour form]. STOCK 2: U.S.A., Georgia, imported on several occasions since the 1990's [brown color form]. STOCK 3: U.S.A., Mississippi, Moss Point near Pascagoula "under wood", leg. A. Nolte IV.1993 [brown color form]. STOCK 4: U.S.A., Florida, Marion Co., Ocala National Forest, leg. Aaron T. Dossey VII.2006 & VII.2007 [white color form]. STOCK 5: U.S.A., Florida, Marion Co., Archbold Biological Research Station, leg. Aaron T. Dossey VIII.2006 [orange color form]. STOCK 6: U.S.A., Florida, Gulf of Hammock & Gainesville University Campus, leg. Aaron T. Dossey VII.2006 & VII.2007 [brown colour form]. ATTENTION: Many hybrids between the three colour forms occur in European cultures!
cage: medium: height 50-80 cm	Put soil / substrate on the cage-floor (e.g. sand, peat) because females bury their eggs	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
13 Acrophylla wuelfingi
(Redtenbacher, 1908)
Phasmatidae,
Phasmatinae,
Phasmatini
AustraliaS115-130175-200Bramble, Oak, Eucalyptus, Rose, Guava, SalalC

Acrophylla wuelfingi

STOCK 1: N-Australia, Queensland, imported on several occasions since the 1970's.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	large: height > 80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
14 Eurycnema goliath
(Gray, 1834)
Phasmatidae,
Phasmatinae,
Phasmatini
AustraliaS120-155170-210Eucalyptus, Oak, SalalC

Eurycnema goliath

STOCK 1: N-Australia, Queensland, frequently imported from several sources (e.g. Melbourne Zoo, or Tony Hiller) since the 1970's.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	large: height > 80 cm	climate: High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
15 Anchiale briareus
(Gray, 1834)
Phasmatidae,
Phasmatinae,
Phasmatini
AustraliaS95-105130-160Oak, Bramble, EucalyptusC

Anchiale briareus

STOCK 1: N-Australia, Queensland, imported by E. Gowing-Scopes in the early 1970's. STOCK 2: N-Australia, Queensland, eggs received from Cairns Botanical Gardens by Allan J. E. Harman, 17.IV.1981. STOCK 3: N-Australia, Queensland, near Cairns (on the list as PSG No. 74). STOCK 4: N-Australia, Queensland, near Cairns, leg. Oskar Conle V.2001.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	large: height > 80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
16 Carausius sechellensis
(Bolivar, 1895)
Phasmatidae (s.l.),
Lonchodinae,
Lonchodini
SeychellesS6070-75Ferns, BrambleL

Carausius sechellensis

STOCK 1: SEYCHELLES, Mahe Island, le. Allan J. E. Harman & Mary Salton V.1983. STOCK 2: SEYCHELLES, Mahe Island, leg. Tony & Pat James, 2000. STOCK 3: SEYCHELLES, Mahe Island, leg. Oskar Conle & Marina Friede II. 2000.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	Very high humidity / spray regularly	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
17 Caribbiopheromera jamaicana
Zompro, 2001
Diapheromeridae,
Diapheromerinae,
Diapheromerini
JamaicaS45-5060-75Bramble, RoseT

Caribbiopheromera jamaicana

STOCK 1: Jamaica, collected by the Newark Brothers for London Zoo in 1970.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	Very high humidity / spray regularly	Good ventilation needed / keep airy
18 Heteropteryx dilatata
(Parkinson, 1798)
Heteropterygidae,
Heteropteryginae,
-
West MalaysiaS80-95140-155Oak, Bramble, Rose, Hawthorn, Ivy, CherryC

Heteropteryx dilatata

STOCK 1: West Malaysia, Perak Tapah Hills, frequently imported from local insect-dealers (e.g. in the Cameron Highlands) since the 1980's. STOCK 2: S-Thailand, Phuket, leg. Rainer Stobbe VI.1998 [stock lost - females with black coxae].
cage: large: height > 80 cm	Put soil / substrate on the cage-floor (e.g. sand, peat) because females bury their eggs	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	Very high humidity / spray regularly
19 Lonchodes brevipes
Gray, 1835
Diapheromerodae,
Lonchodinae,
Lonchodini
West MalaysiaS80-95110-135Bramble, OakC

Lonchodes brevipes

STOCK 1: West Malaysia, Perak, Cameron Highlands, Tanah Rata, leg. Allan J. E. Harman IV.1974. STOCK 2: West Malaysia, Perak, imported from local insect-dealers on several occasions since 1980's. STOCK 3: West Malaysia, Pulau Penang, leg. Cristoph Bauduin 2005.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	medium: height 50-80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	Very high humidity / spray regularly
20 Anchiale modesta
(Redtenbacher, 1908)
Phasmatidae,
Phasmatinae,
Phasmatini
Papua New GuineaS100-115155-180Bramble, Oak, Eucalyptus, Hawthorn, RoseL

Anchiale modesta

STOCK 1: Papua New Guinea, Morobe Province, Wau, leg. Allan J. E. Harman 1977. STOCK 2: West Papua (= Irian Jaya), imported from a local insect-dealer in 1997.
cage: No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)	large: height > 80 cm	climate: Tropical climate (warm and humid)	High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating	Good ventilation needed / keep airy


Explanation of symbols & abbreviations:

 

Scientific name: If the species has not yet been identified to species or genus level, the common name that has been used when it was introduced is given.

 

Reproduction: S = Sexual;  P = Parthenogenetic;  SP = Sexual and parthenogenetic cultures occur

 

Body length: Body length of cultured specimens (in mm); for females including the subgenital plate (if extending beyond abdomen)

 

Foodplants: This column lists the most preferred alternative foodplants but is not complete for all species. Often further plants are readily accepted. Where a species is known to have a clear preference to a certain plant, the first plant listed is the preferred alternative foodplant and recommended for starting a culture or newly hatched nymphs.

 

Culture status: C = Cultured;  T = Tentative / difficult to maintain (very few cultures reported);  L = Lost (no cultures reported)

 

The symbols given provide a general guide to the general preferences of species. The desirable conditions may however vary - depending on the age of the insects (nymphs or adults).

Cage:

   =  small: height 20-50 cm

   =  medium: height 50-80 cm

   =  large: height > 80 cm

   =  Put soil / substrate on the cage-floor (e.g. sand, peat) because females bury their eggs

   =  No soil needed (use kitchen-paper or similar)

 

Climate:

   =  Tropical climate (warm and humid)

   =  Very high humidity / spray regularly

   =  Moderate to cool temperatures (< 25°C)

   =  Good ventilation needed / keep airy

   =  High temperatures > 25°C / use extra lightning or heating

 

Info-Lamp: A separate window will open when you press this button. This provides additional information on the precise origin and locality, as well as the collectors name and date of the culture-stocks. Stock of several species has been imported more than once and often from different localities. These are listed as well. The information is by far not complete yet and the origins of many of the older cultures in particular are difficult to reconstruct. We are here trying to collect and save the collecting data of all our culture-stocks in order to make them accessible not only to breeders but also to scientists, who cannot work with captive reared specimens probably without knowing the exact origin of the insects. This especially concerns to DNA-barcoding projects currently undertaken by various workers. Hence we are most gratful for any help or info that you may contribute to completing this information. Thanks a lot!

 

Newly introduced species: Species newly cultured but not officially given a PSG culture-number yet are found at the end of this list and marked "0".

NOTE: If you have a species established in culture and wish to have it placed on the PSG culture-list, please contact Dr. Phil E. Bragg (Pbragg[at]aol.com). To avoid confusion, species will only be added to the list when Phil Bragg has received either some eggs or specimens for the PSG reference collection at the Natural History Museum, London (BMNH).