Pylaemenes sepilokensis sepilokensis "Sepilok"
(by Bruno Kneubuehler)

 

General Informations

  • provenience: Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Center near Sandakan, Sabah, Borneo
  • collected in September 2014 by Ian Abercrombie (GB)
  • ID by Francis Seow-Choen (SG)
  • F1 CB culture in 2015 by Ian Abercrombie (GB)
  • further taxonomical informations ➤ Phasmida Species Files
  • this is a pure culture, and all serious breeders are requested to avoid mixing this culture with similar populations from a different provenience / location. When spreading this culture to other breeders, then always use the full name with provenience
  • this culture has the number CLP 752 (Online Phasma Culture List)

Females

  • very sturdy, small
  • body length ≈ 4.5 cm
  • females coloration is quite similar across individuals
  • brown, bark-like, non-glossy coloration
  • orange eyes

Males

  • slender compared to the females, yet still quite sturdy, small
  • body length ≈ 4.5 cm
  • males are tendentially a tad smaller than females
  • males coloration is very similar across individuals
  • brown, bark-like, non-glossy coloration
  • males tend to be a bit darker colored than the females
  • orange eyes

Nymphs

  • freshly hatched nymphs are light brown
  • about 11 mm long
  • on how to distinguish between male and female nymphs

Eggs

  • ≈ 3.5 x 2.5 mm
  • brown
  • scaly, non-glossy surface
  • all-around covered with about 0.5 mm long bristles
  • each bristle has a double-sided hook at the end
  • due to these hooks, these eggs cling like a bur seed to many surfaces

Food Plants

  • Epipremnum (a very common indoor plant)
    very well accepted by nymphs and adults
  • Philodendron
    is well accepted  (info by Philippe van der Schoor, NL)
  • Dieffenbachia
    is well accepted  (info by Philippe van der Schoor, NL)

Breeding, Behaviour

  • easy to breed, and their food plant flourishes easily indoors
  • active during the night
  • during the day, the often hide under leaves on the ground
  • they usually feign death when touched, rarely they try to crawl away
  • a defensive spray has not been observed
  • 1 or rarely 2 eggs per female and week
  • incubation (Cup-Incubation-method, on medium damp vermiculite) about 3.5 - 4.5 months at 20 - 24 °C
  • it is quite common that phasmid nymphs hatch weeks or even months after the first nymphs - from the very same batch of eggs
  • eggs can be covered with vermiculite (about 10 mm high), which makes it easier for the nymphs to hatch without getting stuck in the eggs shell
  • eggs of this species are not prone to get mouldy
  • nymphs hatch during the night
  • small nymphs can be kept in a Faunabox (or a similar cage), which shall not be too small
  • opening of jar / bottle with food plants must be covered with something (paper towel or aquarium filter wool), otherwise they will drown
  • keep a constantly wet paper towel on the bottom of the cage
  • one can spray them regularly with chlorine-free water, but allow the water to dry up before spraying again
  • provide a cage of about 20 x 20 x 20 (cm, L x B x H) for 3 - 4 adult couples
  • males will be adult after 5 - 6 months (at 20 - 24°C), females after 6 - 8 months

Basics of phasmids breeding

  • keep only one species per cage, overpopulation is one of the main reasons for breeding failures
  • keep nymphs seperate from the adults, mainly to protect them during the crucial moulting phases
  • choose the cage big enough. When in doubt, too big is (usually) better than too small
  • a ventilator often supports good breeding results, as it seems to increase activity and feeding
  • provide enough light, but avoid direct sunlight (overheating)
  • try to keep day time temperatures below 25°C
  • a nocturnal fall of temperature is natural (down to around 20°C)
  • do not spray too much, phasmids are no fish ! Allow the water to dry up before you spray again
  • minimize disturbances (loud music, commotions, light at or during the night, opening up cages in the morning [often a moulting phase] ect.)

Useful informations

detailed infos on how to breed phasmids
www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/199

infos on newly cultured phasmid species
https://www.facebook.com/phasmatodea

how to recognize the difference between male / female nymphs
www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/tips-and-tricks

eggs for breeding
http://www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/222

 

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