Xenophasmina sp. "Khun Korn"
(by Bruno Kneubuehler)
 

General Informations

  • provenience: Khun Korn waterfalls near Chiang Rai (Amphoe Mueang Chiang Rai, Thailand)
  • collected in September 2016 by Wuttipon Pathomwattananuruk (Thailand)
  • taxonomic evaluation by Joachim Bresseel (BE)
  • F1 CB culture in 2017 by Bruno Kneubuehler (CH)
  • further taxonomical informations ➤ Phasmida Species Files
  • this is a pure culture, and all serious breeders are kindly requested to avoid mixing this culture with similar populations from a different provenience / location. When spreading this culture to other breeders, then always use the full name with provenience
  • this culture has not yet any CLP number (Online Phasma Culture List)

Females

  • medium-sized phasmids
  • body length ≈ 10 - 11 cm
  • females coloration rather similar across individuals, some are darker while others are lighter colored
  • even adult females are extraordinarily well camouflaged in their resting position

Males

  • body length ≈ 6 - 6,55 cm
  • few individuals are rather dark colored

Nymphs

  • newly hatched nymphs are dark brown
  • especially older nymphs have an astounding camouflage in their resting position
  • on how to distinguish between male and female nymphs

Eggs

  • ≈ 3.5 x 2 mm

Food Plants

  • bramble (Rubus spp.)
    well accepted by nymphs and adults
    in spring the do not really like neither the old bramble leaves nor the very fresh new leaves
  • Salal (Gaultheria shallon)
    well accepted, and a good alternative in spring
  • hazelnut (Corylus avellana)
    quite well accepted, an alternative in spring
  • other possible food plants (not tested though):
    oak (Quercus spp.)

Breeding, Behaviour

  • easy to breed
  • just in spring, when they get fussy about the bramble, the food plant situation can be a bit more tricky
  • active mainly during the night
  • usually they feign death when touched
  • but some adult males can also behave quite frantically when being touched
  • offer them a lot of barky twigs in their cage, as they hide out and rest on twigs during the day
  • older nymphs and also the adult females have an astounding camouflage
  • a defensive spray has not been observed
  • females fling the eggs away with a swift swing of their abdomen
  • eggs just drop to the ground
  • about 15 - 25 eggs per female and week
  • incubation (Cup-Incubation-method, on medium damp vermiculite) about 4 - 6 months at 20 - 24 °C
  • it is quite common that some phasmid nymphs will hatch weeks or even months after the first nymphs - from the very same batch of eggs
  • eggs can be covered with vermiculite (about 5 mm high), which makes it easier for the nymphs to hatch without getting stuck in the eggs shell
  • eggs of this species are not prone to get mouldy
  • nymphs hatch during the night)
  • a humidity of about 65 - 75 % rH seems to be good enough for nymphs and adults
  • one can spray them regularly with chlorine-free water, but allow the water to dry up before spraying again
  • small nymphs can be kept in a Faunabox (or a similar cage), which shall not be too small
  • provide a cage of about 30 x 30 x 30 (cm, L x B x H) for 3 adult couples
  • males will be adult after 4 - 5 months (at 20 - 24°C), females after 5 - 6 months

Basics of phasmid breeding

  • keep only one species per cage, overpopulation is one of the main reasons for breeding failures
  • keep nymphs seperate from the adults, mainly to protect them during the crucial moulting phases
  • choose the cage big enough. When in doubt, too big is (usually) better than too small
  • a ventilator often supports good breeding results, as it seems to increase activity and feeding
  • provide enough light, but avoid direct sunlight (overheating)
  • try to keep day time temperatures below 25°C
  • a nocturnal fall of temperature is natural (down to around 20°C)
  • do not spray too much, phasmids are no fish ! Allow the water to dry up before you spray again
  • minimize disturbances (loud music, commotions, light at or during the night, opening up cages in the morning [often a moulting phase] ect.)

Useful informations

detailed infos on how to breed phasmids
www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/199

infos on newly cultured phasmid species
https://www.facebook.com/phasmatodea

how to recognize the difference between male / female nymphs
www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/tips-and-tricks

eggs for breeding
http://www.phasmatodea.com/web/guest/222

 

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direct link to category: sp. (Khun Korn, Thailand)